DCB/DBC Mobile beta


New Biographies

Minor Corrections

Biography of the Day

McLAUGHLIN, JOHN JAMES – Volume XIV (1911-1920)

b. 2 March 1865 near Enniskillen, Durham County, Upper Canada


Responsible Government

Sir John A. Macdonald

From the Red River Settlement to Manitoba (1812–70)

Sir Wilfrid Laurier

Sir George-Étienne Cartier


The Fenians

Women in the DCB/DBC

The Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences of 1864

Introductory Essays of the DCB/DBC

The Acadians

For Educators

The War of 1812 

Canada’s Wartime Prime Ministers

The First World War

DAUPHIN DE MONTORGUEUIL, naval officer, Joseph Robinau de Villebon’s lieutenant, son of the governor of Châtellerault (France); d. probably 1694.

On 1 June 1689 the king had appointed him Villebon’s lieutenant at Port-Royal (Annapolis Royal, N.S.). The following spring Sir William Phips seized this post. A few days after the departure of Phips’s soldiers, 14 June, Villebon returned from France. Fearing that the occupation troops from Boston would arrive very soon, he decided to set up the seat of French government at Fort Jemseg, on the Saint John River. A messenger was dispatched to Fort Saint-Louis de Chedabouctou (Guysborough, N.S.), carrying orders to Lieut. Montorgueuil, who was in command there with about 12 men, to come and rejoin Villebon. But Chedabouctou had already been captured by Phips’s soldiers, under the leadership of Capt. Cyprian Southack*. The two chief participants in the event, Southack and Montorgueuil, have each left an account of the battle. The former says that it took place on 5 June 1690 (o.s.), whereas the latter places it on 14 June (N.S.). The heroic defence put up by Montorgueuil on that occasion earned him the praise of Buade de Frontenac in a dispatch addressed to the minister in November of the same year.

Montorgueuil was a prisoner of the English in August 1690 at Bilbao; in 1691 he was again taken prisoner, this time by a privateer from Middleburg, and was released some while later. At that time he was appointed a naval ensign. On 7 May 1692 he was listed among the naval officers selected by the king to serve on the ships that his majesty was having fitted out at Rochefort for Canada.

It is very likely that Dauphin de Montorgueuil is the person of the same name, a “lieutenant serving on a frigate or a flute from the port of Rochefort,” who died 26 July 1694 on board the Solide, off the Santo Domingo coast.

J.-Roger Comeau

AN, Col., B, 15, f.83; C11A, 11, p.190 (PAC copy); Marine, B3, 62, ff.278–82; 64, ff.330–31v. PAC, FM 8, Cor. off., A 1, 7. PRO, C.O. 5/1081. Coll. de manuscrits relatifs à la Nouv.-France, I, 505–6. Aegidius Fauteux, “Dauphin de Montorgueuil,” BRH, XXVIII (1922), 159. J.-F.-L. d’Hozier, LImpôt du sang, ou la noblesse de France sur les champs de bataille, éd. Louis Paris (3v., Paris, 1874–81), NYCD (O’Callaghan and Fernw), IX, 921. Webster, Acadia, 8, 9, 207–8.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

J.-Roger Comeau, “DAUPHIN DE MONTORGUEUIL,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed March 2, 2024, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/dauphin_de_montorgueuil_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/dauphin_de_montorgueuil_1E.html
Author of Article:   J.-Roger Comeau
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1966
Year of revision:   1979
Access Date:   March 2, 2024