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SAILLY, LOUIS-ARTHUS DE, merchant, royal judge; b. c. 1625 in France; buried 9 April 1668 at Montreal.

Very little is known about his life before his arrival at Montreal in 1657. At Amiens, in Picardy, he married Anne-Françoise, the daughter of Médéric Bourduceau, a merchant who was apparently fairly successful in the West Indies trade, in which he was associated particularly with the Sulpician Gabriel Souart. M. de Sailly lived for some time in Martinique, where he represented his father-in-law.

After taking up residence at Montreal, he made several more or less profitable transactions with his wife’s parents, assisted in this by M. Souart and the Sulpicians. From 1 Feb. 1663 he was a corporal in the 14th militia squadron of Montreal. That same year a conflict arose between the royal government and the Sulpicians over the right to administer justice, and Governor Saffray de Mézy appointed M. de Sailly judge of the royal seneschal’s court. The Sulpicians protested, and created a seigneurial court with Charles-Joseph d’Ailleboust Des Muceaux as judge. The two courts functioned concurrently until Talon abolished the royal court in 1666. Despite his dismissal, M. de Sailly retained his title of royal judge until his death, which occurred unexpectedly when he was 43. His wife and children must have gone back to France, for we do not come across their name in Canada again after 1668.

J. Monet

Jug. et délib., I, 33f., 423. A. C. de Léry Macdonald, “Un petit point d’histoire: le juge de Sailly,” RC​, XIX (1883), 760f. É.-Z. Massicotte, “Louis Artus de Sailly, premier juge royal de Montréal,” BRH, XXI (1915), 206–9; “Les tribunaux et les officiers de justice à Montréal sous le régime français, 1648–1760,” RSCT, 3d ser., X (1916), sect.i, 273. Sulte, Hist. des Can. fr., IV, 10.

Revisions based on:
Bibliothèque et Arch. Nationales du Québec, Centre d’arch. de Montréal, CE601-S51, 9 avril 1668.

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Cite This Article

J. Monet, “SAILLY, LOUIS-ARTHUS DE,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed September 24, 2023, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/sailly_louis_arthus_de_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/sailly_louis_arthus_de_1E.html
Author of Article:   J. Monet
Title of Article:   SAILLY, LOUIS-ARTHUS DE
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1966
Year of revision:   2017
Access Date:   September 24, 2023