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PASQUINE (Paquine), French engineer of the department of Marine, who prepared plans for the re-fortification of Port-Royal (Annapolis Royal, N.S.); fl. 1681–88.

Pasquine, experienced in the mapping of the Mediterranean coasts of France and Spain, was sent to Acadia in 1688 at the request of Des Friches* de Menneval. His instructions, dated 10 April 1688, stated he was “to have an examination made of the posts which it is particularly necessary to occupy and fortify for the defence and conservation of the colony in case of war with its neighbour. . . .”

Pasquine arrived in Acadia aboard La Friponne, commanded by Barthélemy de Beauregard. He drew a detailed plan of the river and country surrounding Port-Royal and visited the other posts on the Bay of Fundy (Baie Française). He also prepared several plans for the rebuilding of the fort at Port-Royal, on the same site and scale as the old one, dated at Paris 26 Dec. 1688 and an estimate of the expense involved. The first estimate was 9,952 livres, but he made a second one of 7,761 livres. Although this project was approved the execution of the proposals was entrusted to Saccardy rather than Pasquine.

Pasquine left maps of the mouths of the Saint John, Penobscot, and Kennebec rivers, where he recommended that forts be erected. These maps, which are of great historical interest, reveal a man of talent.

Émery Leblanc

AN, Col., B, 15; C11D, 2. Seven maps by Pasquine are preserved in AN (Archives d’Outre-Mer), Dépôt des fortifications des colonies, carton no.2, and in the BN, Cartes et plans. Acadiensia Nova (Morse), I, 58–60; II [see Paquine]. BRH, I (1895), 36. Coll. de manuscrits relatifs à la Nouv.-France. Étienne Taillemite, Inventaire analytique de la correspondance générale avec les colonies, départ, Série B (déposée aux Archives nationales), I– Registres 1 à 37 (1654–1715) (Paris, 1959).

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Cite This Article

Émery Leblanc, “PASQUINE,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed June 4, 2023, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/pasquine_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/pasquine_1E.html
Author of Article:   Émery Leblanc
Title of Article:   PASQUINE
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1966
Year of revision:   1979
Access Date:   June 4, 2023