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NOUCHET, JOSEPH, controller and later director of the Domaine d’Occident in Canada, merchant; b. 1690 in the parish of Saint-Vincent du Lude (dept. of Sarthe), France, son of Julien Nouchet and Barbe Barrat; d. 27 Sept. 1750 in Quebec.

The circumstances of Joseph Nouchet’s arrival in Canada are not known; in August 1723 he was exercising there the functions of controller of the farms of the Domaine du Roi (Domaine d’Occident). His reputation as a “diligent man, assiduous in his work” caused him to be chosen on 16 Aug. 1742 by the intendant, Hocquart*, to replace his friend François-Étienne Cugnet as receiver of dues (director) for the Domaine d’Occident. The latter had been relieved of his duties for having borrowed from the funds of the Domaine to finance his operation of the Saint-Maurice ironworks. The receiver’s duties consisted of “receiving import and export duties, domanial and seigneurial dues, and other taxes payable to the Domaine”; he was then required to enter them in one of the six registers of receipts which were entrusted to him for this purpose. To carry out these functions Nouchet received the considerable salary of 2,000 livres annually. As a member of the administrative élite, one of the highly placed officials of the time, and a merchant, Joseph Nouchet carried on business dealings with the ruling group in Quebec society. He was also the churchwarden in charge of the parish council of Notre-Dame de Québec in 1743.

On 7 Aug. 1723 Joseph Nouchet had married Geneviève, “a minor 15 years of age,” whose father, a Quebec merchant, was Jean Gatin. By this marriage he had a son, Joseph-Étienne.

André Lachance

AN, Col., C11A, 114, ff.144v, 233, 234; 115, ff.105v, 216; 120, f.230; 122, ff.225v–26. ANQ, Greffe de Jacques Barbel, 7 août 1723; Greffe de J.-C. Louet, 23 déc. 1728; AP, Timothée Provost, 14 mai 1743. Documents relating to Canadian currency during the French régime (Shortt), I, 544, 546, 566, 568. P.-G. Roy, Inv. jug. et délib., 1717–1760, III, 203; V, 48–49, 238–39; VI, 56, 79, 90. Tanguay, Dictionnaire, VI, 165.

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

André Lachance, “NOUCHET, JOSEPH,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 3, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed July 28, 2014, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/nouchet_joseph_3E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink: http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/nouchet_joseph_3E.html
Author of Article: André Lachance
Title of Article: NOUCHET, JOSEPH
Publication Name: Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 3
Publisher: University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication: 1974
Year of revision: 1974
Access Date: July 28, 2014