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MOHIER (Moyer), GERVAIS, Recollet friar and missionary; b. 1599 at Chartres; d. 1662 at Châlons.

After making his profession with the Recollets of the province of Paris on 2 June 1625, he was sent to Canada the following year to replace Brother Sagard. He sailed from Dieppe on 24 April with Father Le Caron and Champlain, and reached Quebec on 4 July. He spent a year at the monastery at Notre-Dame-des-Anges, where he worked hard at instructing a young Montagnais who was baptized on Whitsunday 1627 and given the name of Louis.

In July 1627 he went to join the Indians who had gathered at Cap-de-la-Victoire for the fur trade. The Montagnais had brought with them two Iroquois prisoners, one of whom was slaughtered despite Brother Mohier’s protests. A few days later, an Algonkin medicine man, Napagabiscou, fell ill; having been moved for some time by the preaching of Father Le Caron, he requested baptism, which was administered to him in extremis by Brother Mohier.

In 1628 the Algonkins entreated Brother Mohier and Father Le Caron to go and live in their territory in order to save the missions being threatened by the Kirke brothers. The Recollets set out, but soon returned when it was announced that the English had withdrawn. The following year, however, after the surrender of Quebec, Brother Mohier, along with all the other missionaries, was obliged to leave Canada permanently. He died at Châlons in Champagne on 10 May 1662.

G.-M. Dumas

ASQ, MSS, 200, Mortuologe des Recolets. Champlain, Œuvres (Laverdière). Le Clercq, First establishment of the faith (Shea), I, 260, 293, 335, 344, 366. Sagard, Histoire du Canada (Tross), II, IV, passim. Jouve, Les Franciscains et le Canada (1615–1629).

General Bibliography

Cite This Article

G.-M. Dumas, “MOHIER, GERVAIS,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 26, 2022, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/mohier_gervais_1E.html.

The citation above shows the format for footnotes and endnotes according to the Chicago manual of style (16th edition). Information to be used in other citation formats:

Permalink:   http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/mohier_gervais_1E.html
Author of Article:   G.-M. Dumas
Title of Article:   MOHIER, GERVAIS
Publication Name:   Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1
Publisher:   University of Toronto/Université Laval
Year of publication:   1966
Year of revision:   1979
Access Date:   November 26, 2022