CHAUDILLON, ANTOINE, surgeon, settler; b. 1643 at Saint-Martin-d’Ygrande in the former province of Bourbonnais, son of Claude Chaudillon and Antoinette Tin; d. 1707 at Pointe-aux-Trembles (Montreal).
On 26 May 1672 Chaudillon married Marie Boucher, 18 years of age, the daughter of François Boucher, one of the first settlers at Sillery, and of Florence Gareman. The couple lived at Sorel from 1674 to 1684, then at Pointe-aux-Trembles, near Montreal, where Chaudillon died and was buried on 6 Oct. 1707. His wife lived until 16 Dec. 1713. Five children were born of this marriage.
In the 1681 census Chaudillon is listed as a surgeon and settler at Sorel. His livestock consisted of six head of cattle, and his farm included 16 acres under cultivation.
Chaudillon was wounded in the battle of 2 July 1690 against the Iroquois, fought at Rivière-des-Prairies, on the small stream called the Grou. In À travers les registres Tanguay writes that Chaudillon died in the battle; in reality he was carried off as a prisoner and was later released along with Pierre Payet, dit Saint-Amour. He was called upon several times to take part in inquiries into various sensational affairs which engrossed the settlement at Montreal. Thus in 1703 he examined a new-born infant whose throat had been cut, and also Marie-Anne Esmond, a young girl who was suspected of being the mother and murderess of the child.
J.-A. Lebœuf, Complément au Dictionnaire généalogique Tanguay (1re série, Montréal, 1957), 39. É.-Z. Massicotte, “Les chirurgiens, médecins, etc., de Montréal sous le régime français,” APQ Rapport, 1922–23, 137. Tanguay, Dictionnaire, I, 122. Abbott, History of medicine, 19, 20. Ahern, Notes pour l’histoire de la médecine, 100, 314. Azarie Couillard Després, Histoire de Sorel, de ses origines à nosjours (Montréal, 1926), 59. H.-A. Scott, Une paroisse historique de la Nouvelle-France: Notre-Dame de Sainte-Foy: histoire civile et religieuse d’après les sources (Québec, 1902), 296. Sulte, Hist. des Can. fr., V, 74.