AILLEBOUST DE PÉRIGNY, PAUL D’, seigneur, officer of the colonial regular troops; baptized in Montreal on 31 March 1661, fifth child of Charles-Joseph d’Ailleboust* Des Muceaux and Catherine Legardeur de Repentigny; d. in Montreal on 25 Jan. 1746.
In his early twenties Paul d’Ailleboust de Périgny turned his attention to the west. For several years he invested in fur trade with the Ottawas, and on one occasion advanced money for the fortification of Detroit and Michilimackinac. In 1690, sent by Governor Frontenac [Buade*], he patrolled for Iroquois near Fort Frontenac (Kingston, Ont.) in the hope of extracting from them information about future Iroquois plans and the whereabouts of a captive, the Chevalier d’Au. At the age of 30 Périgny was commissioned half-pay lieutenant, and the following year, 1692, when his brother, Pierre d’Ailleboust* d’Argenteuil, was active in the west, he served in Acadia under Joseph Robinau* de Villebon. He had not been in Acadia more than a few months when he was accused of trading furs with an Englishman, probably John Alden*, for merchandise from Boston, but the charges were never substantiated. On 16 April 1693, Frontenac and Champigny [Bochart*] granted to Périgny the island of Grand Menane (Grand Manan) in Acadia, to hold as a seigneury.
On 11 Dec. 1698, two years after he was commissioned lieutenant, Périgny married in Montreal Madeleine-Louise, daughter of Séraphin Margane de Lavaltrie. Périgny and his wife probably lived on his land in Montreal (near the Place d’Armes) from 1699 until 1704, when he was appointed commandant of Chambly. In 1709 he voluntarily retired from this post, and with the help of a recommendation from the Marquise de Vaudreuil [Joybert*] was appointed captain in 1713. Périgny was awarded the cross of Saint-Louis in 1734. When he died 12 years later at the age of 85 he was “first captain” (the captain with the longest service).
His wife died some time after retiring to the Sisters of Charity of the Hôpital Général of Montreal in 1761. The Pérignys seem to have had only three children; two died early and Thérèse married Pierre Hertel* de Moncours, a soldier, son of Joseph-François Hertel* de La Fresnière and Marguerite de Thavenet*.
AN, Col., C11A, 10, ff.238–41; 11, f.29; 12, f.91v; 33, f.290; D2C, 57, ff.20, 60, 99v; 222/1, p.6 (PAC transcript). ANQ-M, Greffe d’Antoine Adhémar, 15 mai, 3 août 1688, 1er oct. 1689, 29 mars 1699; Greffe d’Hilaire Bourgine, 7 août 1685; Greffe de Claude Maugue, 7 avril 1683. Coll. de manuscrits relatifs à la N.-F., I, 619. “Estat des employs vaquans ausquels Monsieur le comte de Frontenac . . . a pourvue en l’année 1691 en attendant les commissions de sa majesté,” BRH, XIII (1907), 341. Fauteux, Les chevaliers de Saint-Louis, 129. P.-G. Roy, Inv. concessions, IV, 75. Tanguay, Dictionnaire. Ægidius Fauteux, La famille d’Ailleboust (Montréal, 1917), 116–20. P.-G. Roy, “Ce que le gouverneur de Callières pensait de nos officiers militaires en 1701,” BRH, XXVI (1920), 329; “La famine Margane de Lavaltrie,” BRH, XXIII (1917), 42.