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General Bibliography – Volume IX

AAQ  Archives de l’archidiocèse de Québec

ACAM  Archives de la chancellerie de l’arche-vêché de Montréal

ACFAS  Association canadienne-française pour l’avancement des sciences

ADB  Australian Dictionary of Biography

AHO  Archives historiques oblates

AJM  Archives judiciaires de Montréal

AJQ  Archives judiciaires de Québec

AJTR  Archives judiciaires de Trois-Rivières

ANQ  Archives nationales du Québec

ANQ-M  Archives nationales du Québec, dépôt de Montréal

ANQ-Q  Archives nationales du Québec, dépôt de Québec

ANQ-TR  Archives nationales du Québec, dépôt de Trois-Rivières

ASJCF  Archives de la Compagnie de Jésus, province du Canada français

ASQ  Archives du séminaire de Québec

ASSH  Archives du séminaire de Saint-Hyacinthe

ASSM  Archives du séminaire de Saint Sulpice, Montréal

ASTR  Archives du séminaire de Trois Rivières

AVM  Archives de la ville de Montréal

AVQ  Archives de la ville de Québec

BCHQ  British Columbia Historical Quarterly

BCHS  Brome County Historical Society

BNQ  Bibliothèque nationale du Québec

BRH  Bulletin des recherches historiques

BUM  Bibliothèques de l’université de Montréal

CCHA  Canadian Catholic Historical Association

CHA  Canadian Historical Association

CHR  Canadian Historical Review

CMS  Church Missionary Society

CPC  Canadian parliamentary companion

DAB  Dictionary of American Biography

DCB  Dictionary of Canadian Biography

DNB  Dictionary of National Biography

HBC  Hudson’s Bay Company

HBRS  Hudson’s Bay Record Society

HPL  Hamilton Public Library

HSSM  Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba

IBC  Inventaire des biens culturels

JIP  Journal de l’Instruction publique

MTCL  Metropolitan Toronto Central Library

NWC  North West Company

OH  Ontario History

PABC  Provincial Archives of British Columbia

PAC  Public Archives of Canada

PAM  Provincial Archives of Manitoba

PANB  Provincial Archives of New Brunswick

PANL  Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador

PANS  Public Archives of Nova Scotia

PAO  Archives of Ontario

PAPEI  Public Archives of Prince Edward Island

PRO  Public Record Office

QDA  Quebec Diocesan Archives

QUA  Queen’s University Archives

RHAF  Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française

 RSC  Royal Society of Canada

 SCHÉC  Société canadienne d’histoire de l’Église catholique

 SGCF  Société généalogique canadienne française

 UCA  United Church Archives

 UNBL  University of New Brunswick Library

 USPG  United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel

 UTL-TF  University of Toronto, Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library

 UWO  University of Western Ontario Library

General Bibliography

The General Bibliography is based on the sources most frequently cited in the individual bibliographies of volume IX. It should not be regarded as providing a complete list of background materials for the history of Canada in the 19th century.

Section i describes the principal archival sources and is arranged by country. Section ii is divided into two parts. Part a contains printed primary sources including documents published by the various colonial, provincial, and federal governments. Part b provides a listing of the contemporary newpapers most frequently cited by contributors to the volume. Section iii includes dictionaries, nominal lists, indexes, inventories, almanacs, and directories. Section IV contains secondary works of the 19th and 20th centuries, including a number of general histories and theses. Section v describes the principal journals and the publications of various societies consulted.



ARCHIVES DE LA CHANCELLERIE DE L’ARCHE-VÊCHÉ DE MONTRÉAL. This archives holds about 900 photographs, 500 maps and plans, 634 registers divided into 17 series (mainly the correspondence of the bishops of Montreal), and some 500,000 files containing separate items on the dioceses, clergy, laity, institutions, missions, religious communities, etcetera. Pre-1896 documents are open to researchers. For a more complete description of the archives, see: RHAF, XIX (1965–66), 652–55; SCHÉC Rapport, 33 (1963), 69–70. A detailed inventory of several registers and files appears in RHAF,XIX (1965–66), 655–64; XX (1966–67), 146–66, 669–700; XXIV (1970–71), 111–42.

The following were used in the preparation of volume IX:


295: Diocèses du Québec

.099: Québec

.101: Québec

355: Paroisses

.105: Saint-Laurent

.110: Saint-Joachim (Pointe-Claire)

.114: L’Assomption

420: Clergé

.013: Saint-Germain, Jean-Baptiste

.080: Manseau, Antoine

465: Religieux pères

.101: Compagnie de Saint-Sulpice

.105: Clercs de Saint-Viateur

  901: Fonds Lartigue-Bourget

  .009: Signatures de la pétition du clergé

RL: Registres de lettres

  RLB: Registres des lettres de Mgr Bourget,

1837–80. 25 vols. An analytical inventory of Mgr Bourget*’s correspondence from 1837

to 1850 was published in ANQ Rapport,

1945–46, 137–224; 1946–47, 81–175;

1948–49, 343–477; 1955–57, 177–221;

1961–64, 9–68; 1965, 87–132; 1966, 191–252; 1967, 123–70; 1969, 3–146.

RLL: Registres des lettres de Mgr Lartigue,

1819–40. 9 vols. An inventory of Mgr Lartigue*’s correspondence from 1819 to 1840 appears in ANQ Rapport, 1941–42, 345–496; 1942–43, 1–174; 1943–44, 207–334; 1944–45, 173–266; 1945–46, 39–134.

ARCHIVES DE LA COMPAGNIE DE JÉSUS, PROVINCE DU CANADA FRANÇAIS, Saint-Jérôme. Founded in 1844 by Father Félix Martin*, first rector of the Collège Sainte-Marie in Montreal, this archives was first known as the Archives du collège Sainte-Marie [see DCB,1, 686]. It was moved to Saint-Jérôme in 1968 and forms only a part of the ASJCF. In the year of its founding this archives received a valuable gift from the nuns of the Hôtel-Dieu in Quebec who had preserved a few of the papers of the old Collèges des Jésuites in Québec (1635–1800).

The collection includes thousands of photographs, miniature paintings, and 500 maps and plans (not yet numbered). The ASJCF holds

numerous original documents (256 dated prior to 1800) and certified copies relating to the history of the missions of the Society of Jesus in Acadia, New France, Canada, and the United States, from 1608 to about 1930 (when French speaking Jesuits turned over to English speaking Jesuits their missions to the Indians around the Great Lakes and in Ontario) and documents relating to the history of the Roman Catholic Church in Canada in the 19th century. Much of the material for the period before 1800 has been published. See DCB, I, 698, The Jesuit relations . . . .

The ASJCF has papers previously held by other archives; all organization completed by these repositories has been maintained. The collection includes, first, a Fonds général, numbered from 1 to 6,828 (54 ft), containing the former archives of the Collège Sainte-Marie, some dating from the 17th and 18th centuries; numerous documents on the political and religious conflicts of the 19th century in Quebec, including the Jesuits’ estates and the university issue; part of the Fonds Léon Gérin (4 ft); the Fonds Prud’homme (1 ft) and the Fonds Bernier (1 ft), relating to educational matters in western Canada; the correspondence of notary Cyrille Tessier, etcetera.

Series A and B concern the history of the Canadian Jesuits, 1841–1924. Series A comprises the archives of various mission residences and outposts, houses, and colleges including the chronicles of missions in the Great Lakes region, annual reports and correspondence of missionaries, such as the Lettres des nouvelles missions du Canada, 1843–1852, Lorenzo Cadieux, édit. (Montréal et Paris, 1973); documents relating to the colonizing venture at Nominingue, 1882–86. The Fonds Baraga is also in Series A. Series B includes documents concerning the residences and institutions outside Quebec, and material relating to the canonization of Canadian martyrs.

The Fonds Immaculée-Conception (5 ft) includes the correspondence between Abbé Louis-Édouard Bois* and Jean-Baptiste Meilleur*, the correspondence of Jules-Paul Tardivel*, etcetera. Series BO contains the papers left by the Jesuit fathers (90 boxes, not inventoried). The papers of Father Paul Desjardins are also included in this series. The ASJCF also holds other uninventoried papers of Jesuits who served in Canada, including the papers of Joseph-Papin Archambault*, those of the École sociale populaire, and a part of the academic and administrative records of the colleges of Edmonton, Saint-Boniface, Sainte-Marie, and Gaspé, which have recently been closed.

ARCHIVES DE L’ARCHIDIOCÈSE DE QUÉBEC. Contains some 1,200 ft of documents dating from 1638, about 5,000 photographs (1855 to the present), 400 maps and plans dating from the 18th century, an analytical card file for all pre-1930 documents, and a Répertoire général des registres officiels de l’archevêché in 6 vols., from 1659. A guide to the archives is found in SCHÉC Rapport, 2 (1934–35), 65–73.

Series cited in volume IX:

A: Évêques et archevêques de Québec

  12 A: Registres des insinuations ecclésiastiques

  20 A: Lettres manuscrites des évêques de Québec

  210 A: Registres des lettres expédiées. The

  correspondence of a number of bishops and archbishops of Quebec is inventoried in the ANQ Rapport. That of Mgr J.–O. Plessis* for 1797 to 1825 is found in 1927–28, 215–316, and 1928–29, 87–208; that of Mgr B.–C. Panet* covering the period 1806 to 1833 in 1933–34,233–421;1934–35, 319–420; 1935–36, 155–272; that of Mgr Joseph Signay* covering 1825 to 1846 in 1936–37, 125–330; 1937–38, 21–146 (which also includes the correspondence of Mgr P.–F. TURGEON as coadjutor to the Quebec see); 1938–39, 180–357.

C: Secrétairerie et chancellerie

  CB: Structures de direction

  1 CB: Vicaires généraux

  CD: Discipline diocésaine

  303 CD: Titres cléricaux

  515 CD: Séminaire de Nicolet

  61 CD: Paroisses

 71 CD: Oblats de Marie-Immaculée

Diocèse de Québec (being reclassified)

  CM: Église universelle

101 CM: Cahier Signay

  CN: Église canadienne

 301 CN: Îles-de-la-Madeleine

 311 CN: Nouveau-Brunswick

 312 CN: Nouvelle-Écosse

 320 CN: Haut-Canada

 330 CN: Rivière-Rouge

  CP: Église du Québec

 26 CP: District et diocèse de Montréal

T: Papiers privés

  Papiers J.–B.–A. Ferland

ARCHIVES DE LA VILLE DE MONTRÉAL. The archives division of the city clerk’s office of

Montreal was created in 1913 to hold the city’s administrative records. At present the AVM holds slightly more than 15,500 ft of documents, classified in files or volumes, about 50,000 plans and maps dating from 1796, and some 200 ft of photographs from 1900. The section Documents administratifs is composed of all official papers dating from 1796. The section Documentation contains extracts from articles in newspapers, periodicals, and other printed matter referring to numerous subjects or individuals connected with the administration and history of Montreal. This last section contains the correspondence (originals and copies) of several mayors. The AVM also holds copies of material from other archives including the terrier of the Sulpicians. Indexes are available to facilitate research.

Cited in volume IX are: Documentation, 1796–1976

Biographies autres que celles des maires et conseillers Documents administratifs, 1796–1976

Procès-verbaux du conseil municipal, des comités et commissions

Rapports et dossiers du conseil municipal, des comités et commissions

Rôles d’évaluation

ARCHIVES DE LA MLLE DE QUÉBEC. The archives department of Quebec City was organized in 1925 under the direction of Valère Desjardins. Its most important records are those of the municipal administration, which date from the incorporation of Quebec in 1833. The archives contains 1,500 photographs, 1,500 maps and plans, and about 2,000 ft of documents. The documents date from 1692, but complete series begin in 1814. The AVQ also holds the Fonds Baillairgé which includes 494 plans and drawings of buildings in Quebec by Charles Baillairgé*. Further information can be found in the Guide de consultation (typescript, 2e éd., Québec, 1971).

  The following were used in volume IX:

Procès-verbaux du conseil, 1833–36, 1840–1973.

64 registers. Rôles d’évaluation et d’imposition, 1821–1970.


ARCHIVES DU SÉMINAIRE DE QUÉBEC. One of the more important collections of documents in North America, the archives dates from the founding of the seminary in 1663, but Mgr Thomas-Étienne Hamel*, and Mgr Amédée Gosselin* may be considered to have founded the ASQ at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.It contains some 1,172 ft of

documents, which include seminary papers and private papers dating from 1636 but the majority from 1675 to 1950, 2,800 maps and plans, and 5,000 engravings and photographs.

For volume IX, the following were used:

Évêques de Québec. 2 cartons.

Fonds H.–R. Casgrain

Fonds É.–G. Plante

Fonds Viger-Verreau. Collections of Abbé

H.–A.–J.–B. Verreau* and Jacques Viger* including about 100 boxes, numerous notebooks, and a series of volumes by Viger entitled “Ma Saberdache” (see Fernand Ouellet, “Inventaire de la Saberdache de Jacques Viger,”

  ANQ Rapport, 1955–57, 31–176).

Journal du séminaire, 1849–1970

Livres de comptes

C 44, 1850–57

C 51, 1855–59 Manuscrits

626, Journal de H. Laverdière, 16 sept. 1858

  9 juin 1861

  676–77, Journal de C.–É. Légaré, 25 mars

1865–17 avril 1873

Plumitif, 1766–1950. 5 vols. Polygraphie. 324 cartons. Seigneuries. 70 cartons.

Séminaire. 256 cartons.

Université. 368 cartons.

ARCHIVES DU SÉMINAIRE DE SAINT-HYACINTHE, Saint-Hyacinthe, Que. Contains 230 ft of manuscripts dating from 1693, about 10,000 photographs and postcards, and 25 maps and plans (1873–1920). The manuscript collection contains material relating to the seminary, the papers of some of the seminary’s superiors and professors, as well as those of some 50 political and religious leaders. The collection also includes lists of pupils and staff (from 1811 to the present), the early catalogues of the seminary library and of a number of private libraries, and a substantial number of miscellaneous documents.

  The following were used in volume IX:

Section A: Séminaire

  F: Fonds particuliers

  Chroniques de l’abbé Tétreau, 1849–97

  Fonds Pierre-Édouard Leclère, 1737–1938

  Grands cahiers, 1821–1905. 8 cahiers.

  G: Personnel du séminaire

  Correspondance des supérieurs, 1811–1976

  Fonds Isaac Désaulniers, 1822–1972

  M: Administration

  Lettres d’affaires, 1810–1976

ARCHIVES DU SÉMINAIRE DE SAINT-SULPICE, Montreal. An important repository for the history of the Montreal region during the French régime, it contains the greater part of the papers dating from 1642 of Paul de Chomedey * de Maisonneuve which he left behind on his departure in 1665. The archives, divided into 58 sections, contains 500 ft of documents for the years 1586–1975, and almost 1,200 maps and plans, and 500 photographs.

The following were used in volume IX:

Section 8: Seigneuries, fiefs, arrière-fiefs,

domaines, 1717–1930

A: Seigneurie du Lac-des-Deux-Montagnes

Section 11: Enseignement, 1654–1960

Section 21: Correspondance générale,


Section 24: Histoire et géographie, biographies,

divers, 1600–1920

2: Biographies, 1642–1850

Section 25: Le séminaire de Saint-Sulpice,


1: Règlements, visites, comptes rendus

  des assemblées, 1657–1900

3: Lettres des supérieurs généraux, 1789–1959

 Section 27: Le séminaire, les évêchés et les

  paroisses, 1654–1938

 Section 36: Missions, 1668–1975

ARCHIVES DU SÉMINAIRE DE TROIS-RIVIÈRES. In 1934 the authorities of the seminary gave Abbé Albert Tessier* the task of arranging the archives of the institution. That year, important manuscripts were donated to the archives including the Pierre Boucher collection and the Hart collection. The latter contains thousands of accounts, notes, and letters on Canadian economic life in the 19th century. The ASTR is also an important documentary source for the political, religious, and economic history of the region. It holds about 100 ft of manuscripts dating from 1651, several thousand photographs, hundreds of maps and original plans, and the most important Trois-Rivières newspapers for the period 1865–1963. For a more complete description of the ASTR, see Yvon Thériault, “Inventaire sommaire des Archives du séminaire des Trois-Rivières,” ANQ Rapport, 1961–64, 69–134.

Documents from the following sections were used in volume IX:

Fonds et papiers

Archives de la famille Boucher Correspondance Taché

Papiers J.–Napoléon Bureau

Papiers Mgr Albert Tessier


Trifluviens du 19e et du 20e siècle

ARCHIVES HISTORIQUES OBLATES, Ottawa. An important repository for the history of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate from the time of their arrival in Canada in 1841. Even before 1930, Father Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve* had begun to collect a large number of documents relating to the Oblates. In 1933, Father Léo Deschâtelets obtained copies from Rome of the writings of the order’s founder, minutes of general and executive meetings, and letters from the first Oblates in Canada.

The AHO holds many original papers pertaining to the Oblates as well as personal papers, including the manuscript of Father Louis-Marie Le Jeune*’s Dictionnaire and the notes of Father Louis Babel*’s trip to Labrador. There are also many manuscripts in Inuit and Indian languages, some written by Oblates (see Gaston Carrière, “Catalogue des manuscrits en langues indiennes [et esquimaudes] conservés aux Archives oblates, Ottawa,” Anthropologica (Ottawa), XII (1970), 151–79).

The AHO holds 500 ft of original documents and 75 ft of photographs, but its most valuable possession is its large number of copies (typescripts, photocopies, or microfilm) which enable the researcher to find almost all the documents relating to the Oblates in Canada. The microfilm section, set up in 1941, comprises more than 500,000 pages and a descriptive file of about 250,000 cards. There are several indexes and also a photograph collection and library of some 10,000 volumes. The library includes a few works printed in Indian languages and a large collection of Oblate publications, in particular Missions des O.M.I., which are to the Oblates what the Relations were to the Jesuits.

  Material consulted for volume IX includes:

Fonds manuscrits

Auguste Brunet, “Le guide des voya

geurs . . . “

Nérée Gingras, “Mémoire du procès du père

Brunet, oblat, de sa condamnation, de son

emprisonnement, de son évasion de la prison

de Kankakee . . .”

Copies from the following repositories were used:

Archives de l’archevêché de Saint-Boniface,


Correspondance de l’archevêché

Alexandre Taché, “Notes sur l’établissement

  de la mission d’Athabaska”

Archives générales des Oblats de Marie

  Immaculée, Rome

Correspondance Jean-Baptiste Honorat,


Dossier Pierre-Henri Grollier

Histoire de la mission de Notre-Dame-des-

Sept-Douleurs établie au fond du lac


Archives provinciales des Oblats de Marie-

Immaculée, Montréal

Dossier Grollier

Archives provinciales des Oblats de Marie-

Immaculée, Edmonton

Codex historicus

ARCHIVES JUDICIAIRES. Judicial archives are located in the administrative centres of the judicial districts of Quebec. The repositories hold the registers of births, marriages, and deaths and documents relating to the judicial affairs of the district, notaries’ greffes (minute books), and records of surveyors.

Records held in the following districts were used:

Bonaventure (New Carlisle)

Registre d’état civil


Kamouraska (Rivière-du-Loup)

Registre d’état civil

Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière (La Pocatière)

Montréal (for pre-1875 documents see ANQ, Montréal)

Registre d’état civil

Cimetière Notre-Dame-des-Anges


Registre d’état civil

Saint-Édouard (Gentilly)

Québec (for pre-1875 documents see ANQ, Québec)


Philippe Huot, 1848–1906

C.–A. Lemay, 1850–1911

Richelieu (Sorel)

Greffe de Paul Payan, 1850–85

Registre d’état civil

Saint-Pierre (Sorel)

Saint-François (Sherbrooke)

Greffe de G.–H. Napier, 1848–67


Greffe de P.–P. Dutalmé, 1798–1821

Terrebonne (Saint-Jérôme)


André Bouchard,dit Lavallée, 1834–78

J.–A. Hervieux, 1856–82

Melchior Prévost, 1840–97

J.–B..–L. Villemure, 1851–84

Registre d’état civil




Trois-Rivières (for pre-1875 documents see

  ANQ, Trois-Rivières)

Documents judiciaires

Cour du banc de la reine

Greffe de la paix

Registre d’état civil

St Andrews (presbytérien)

ARCHIVES NATIONALES DU QUÉBEC. At the conquest, articles 43, 44, and 45 of the capitulation of Montreal – contrary to the custom of international law at that time – permitted the administrators of New France to take the documents concerning the government of the colony back to France. Only records having a legal value for individuals were to remain in the country, and these suffered many misfortunes before the office of the Archives de la province de Québec – now the Archives nationales du Québec – was set up in 1920. (See Gilles Héon, “Bref historique des Archives du Québec,” ANQ Rapport, 1970, 13–25.) In 1971, the ANQ began establishing regional repositories in each of the administrative districts of Quebec. In addition to the repository at Quebec, there is now a fully organized one in Montreal, and another in the process of being set up in Trois-Rivières. These new archives hold pre-1875 records previously stored in the courthouses in each of the administrative districts (see Section I, Archives judiciaires). Notaries’ minute books, surveyors’ records, and the registers of births, marriages, and deaths for the parishes of all denominations will be placed in the new repositories of the ANQ as they are created. The judicial archives will also be kept here, and in the Montreal and Trois-Rivières repositories these include the documents of the French régime formerly held at ANQ-Q.


Further information on the records and papers held in this repository can be found in “Etat sommaire des Archives nationales du Québec à Montréal,” ANQ Rapport, 1972, 1–29.

  The following were used in volume IX:

Documents judiciaires

Contrats de shérif, 1767–1889 État civil


Christ Church, 1766–1875

Garrison, 1760–64, 1814–50


Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (Montréal), 1856–74

Notre-Dame–de Montréal, 1643–1915

Saint-Antoine (Longueuil), 1669–1845



Saint-Joseph (Chambly), 1706–1848

Saint-Martin (Laval), 1774–1849

Saint-Vincent-de-Paul (Laval), 1834–38,



St James, 1818–46, 1851–75

New Connection, 1839

Presbytériens St Andrew (Montréal), 1815–75 St Gabriel, 1779–1845

Spanish-Portuguese Jewish Congregation, 1840–62


J.–O. Bastien, fils, 1834–64

Joseph Belle, 1830–69

J.–O. Bureau, 1843–83

J.–M. Cadieux, 1805–27

J.–B. Constantin, 1805–69

T.–B. Doucet, 1838–67

I. J. Gibb, 1835–67

Henry Griffin, 1812–47

J. C. Griffin, 1844–92

Patrice Lacombe, 1831–63

Peter Lukin, fils, 1819–37

J.–M. Mondelet, 1794–1842

James Smith, 1848–75

P.–C. Valois, 1835–78

M: Archives privées

72: Fonds Romuald Trudeau, Mes tablettes,



Register of wills probated, 1780–1882

Testaments olographes, 1658–1875


Further information on the records and papers held in this repository can be found in État général des archives publiques et privées (Québec, 1968). It should be noted that the registers of births, marriages, and deaths are held in the Section de Généalogie, 1180 Rue Berthelot; post-1867 records, maps, plans, and illustrations, are at 115 Côte de la Montagne; pre-1867 records and the collection of private archives are at Parc des Champs de Bataille.

The following were used in volume IX:

AP: Archives privées

G: Grandes collections

40: Chaussegros de Léry, famille, 1682–1934

68: Duvernay, Ludger, 1805–48

69: Fabre, Édouard-Raymond, 1806–51

76: Faribault, G.–B., 1814–61

79: Fiset, Louis, 1724–1859

85: Frémont, famille, 1788–1902

134: Langevin, famille Hector, 1765–1940

196: Ogden, Charles-Richard, 1788–1836

203: Penney, Hon. Edward Goff, 1849–67

219: Quebec Board of Trade, 1832–1958

239: Roy, Pierre-Georges

242: Taché, famille, 1680–1946

278: Trinity House of Quebec, 1805–78

327: Casgrain, abbé Alphonse, 1913

336: Baby, famille, 1765–1888

417: Papineau, famille, 1801–1902

418: Bourassa, Napoléon et famille, 1865–1929

  P: Petites collections

130: Beaujeu, famille de, 1863–68

184: Berthelot, Amable, 1834

931: Hale, famille, 1842, 1847, 1930

État civil


  Cathedral of the Holy Trinity (Québec),



  Hôpital Général de Québec, 1783–1813,


  Notre-Dame-de-Foy (Sainte-Foy),

  1679–1781 (incomplete collection),


  Notre-Dame de Lévis, 1851–75

  Notre-Dame de Québec, 1621–1714,


  Saint-Roch (Québec), 1829–75


  St Andrews (Québec), 1770–1875


  Joseph Bernard, 1826–77

  Henri Bolduc, 1847–85

  É.–T. Boudreault, 1817–25

  N. H. Bowen, 1850–72

  Archibald Campbell, 1812–61

  W. D. Campbell, 1852–85

  John Childs, 1834–73

  Charles Cinq-Mars, 1842–86

  J. G. Clapham, 1839–89

  J.–B. Couillard, 1823–70

  C.–M. Defoy, 1822–58

  William De Léry, 1824–42

  F.–L. Gauvreau, 1844–87

  S.–I. Glackmeyer, 1852–83

  F.–M. Guay, père, 1832–78

  James Haney, 1869–71

  E. B. Lindsay, 1823–75

  L. T. McPherson, 1816–70

  Louis Panet, 1819–79

  A.–Archange Parent, 1814–60

  Joseph Petitclerc, 1831–66

  A.–B. Sirois Duplessis, 1831–76

QBC: Québec et Bas-Canada

  9: Licences, 1818–67

  16: Seigneuries, 1766–1862

25: Procureur général, 1763–1852

  Événements de 1837–38

27: Instruction publique, 1842–99


Opened in 1976, this repository is in the process of being organized.

The following materials were used:

État civil


Immaculée-Conception (Trois-Rivières),



St Andrew’s Church, 1846–75


R.–Honoré Dufresne, 1865–1920

Petrus Hubert, 1834–76

F.–L. Lottinville, 1840–95

ARCHIVES OF ONTARIO, Toronto. The archives was established in 1903 and at present is an agency of the Ministry of Culture and Recreation. It is authorized to acquire, preserve, and analyse all records of significance of the Ontario government. It also acquires from other sources, through donation or purchase, manuscripts, maps, photographs, pictures, posters, and early newspapers relating to the history of the province. Unpublished inventories, calendars, catalogue entries, guides, and other finding aids are available in the archives.

The materials used in volume IX include:

Boulton (Henry John) papers

Canada Company papers

Cartwright (John Solomon) papers

Clarke (Colonel Charles) papers

Jarvis-Powell papers

Macaulay (John) papers

Mackenzie-Lindsey papers

Merritt (William Hamilton) papers

Robinson (Sir John Beverley) papers

Strachan (John) papers

Street (Samuel) papers

Toronto City Council papers

RG l: Records of the Ministry of Natural


  A: Offices of surveyor general and commissioner of crown lands

  I: Correspondence

  4: Commissioner’s letterbooks, 1828–74

  6: Letters received, surveyor general and commissioner

  II: Reports and statements

6: Statements, 1811–1907

  B: Accounts Branch

  IV: Survey accounts, 1796–1915

 CB-1: Survey diaries, field notes, and reports

  C: Lands Branch 

  IV: Township papers

RG 2: Records of the Ministry of Education

B: General Board of Education (second)

and Council of Public Instruction

  3: Minutes, Council of Public Instruction, 1859–75

RG 8: Records of the Department of the Provincial Secretary

  I–6: Office of the Registrar General 

  A: District marriage registers, 1801–58

  I–7: Office of the clerk of the Legislative Assembly

F–2: Petitions, 1875–1933

RG 22: Court records

6–2: Records of (local) surrogate courts, 1793–1875

  7: Courts of General Quarter Sessions

ARCHIVES PAROISSIALES. Specific holdings include the registers of baptisms, marriages, and burials (with copies held in the district judicial

archives), and parish account books and vestry records.

The following were used in volume IX:

L’Immaculée-Conception (Saint-Ours, Qué.)

Livres de comptes

La Nativité-de-Notre-Dame-de-Bécancour

(Bécancour, Qué.)

Livres de comptes

Notre-Dame-de-Foy (Sainte-Foy, Qué.)

Livres de comptes

Notre-Dame-de-L’Assomption (Arichat, N.–É.)

Registres des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures

Notre–Dame de Québec

Livres de comptes et délibérations

Saint-Antoine-de-la-Baie-du-Febvre (Baieville, Qué.)

Livres de comptes

Registres des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures

Saint-Casimir (Qué.)

Livres de comptes et délibérations

Saint-Charles-de-Bellechasse (Saint-Charles, Qué . )

Registres de la fabrique

Saint-Charles-des-Grondines (Grondines, Qué.)

Livres de la fabrique

Saint-Denis-sur-Richelieu (Qué.)

Registres des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures

Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines (Qué.)

Registres des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures

Sainte-Anne-d’Yamachiche (Yamachiche, Qué.)

Livres de comptes

Sainte-Famine-du-Cap-Santé (Cap-Santé, Qué.)

Registres des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures

Sainte-Geneviève-de-Berthier (Berthierville, Qué.)

Livres de comptes

Registres des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures

Saint-François-du-Lac (Qué.)

Livres de comptes

Saint-Jean-Baptiste (Deschaillons, Qué.)

Livres de comptes

Saint-Laurent (Île d’Orléans)

Livres de comptes

Saint-Marc (Qué.)

Registres des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures

Saint-Michel-de-Vaudreuil (Vaudreuil, Qué.)

Registres des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures

Saint-Michel-d’Yamaska (Yamaska, Qué.)

Livres de comptes

Saint-Pierre (Les Becquets, Qué.)

Livres de comptes et délibérations

Saint-Roch (Québec)

Livres de comptes et délibérations

Saint-Roch-de-l’Achigan (Qué.)

Registres des baptêmes, mariages et sépultures

BIBLIOTHÈQUE NATIONALE DU QUÉBEC, DÉ-ARTEMENT DES MANUSCRITS, Montreal. In 1965, the Bibliothèque Saint-Sulpice (since 1967, the Bibliothèque nationale du Québec) owned enough archival material to create a separate manuscript department. No specific collection of papers occasioned its establishment; the Sulpicians began the collection of documents, and material is added every year. The repository at present holds 45,347 linear cm., consisting mainly of literary manuscripts of the late 19th and 20th centuries, but including also a number of private papers from the latter half of the 19th century and from the 20th century. The department also holds several hundred posters, more than 30,000 photographs, theatre programmes and other miscellaneous documents.

In 1970, the Société historique de Montréal deposited at the BNQ its complete collection of manuscripts, archives, documents and books (14,580 linear cm.), including the Collection La Fontaine. For a complete inventory of this collection see Inventaire de la collection Lafontaine, Elizabeth Nish [Gibbs], compil. (Publ. du Centre d’étude du Québec, Montréal, 1967).

BIBLIOTHÈQUES DE L’UNIVERSITÉ DE MONTREAL. In April 1971, the libraries of the Université de Montréal set up the Service des collections particulières to give researchers access to the numerous valuable documents acquired by the university through purchase and donation. At the same time the service initiated a series of publications.

The following collection was used:

Collection Baby. A large collection of original material, gathered by François-Louis-Georges Baby*, who bequeathed it to the Université de Montréal, it includes more than 20,000 items covering almost every subject of Canadian history from 1602 to 1905. In 1942, M. Camille Bertrand began to inventory this collection arranging the material in two large sections: Documents divers and Correspondance générale. Documents divers, mainly individual items, are catalogued under 20 general titles labelled A to S. The Correspondance générale, arranged alphabetically by the name of the signer of the letters, contains about 12,000 original letters kept in 120 boxes. The collection is too large and varied to be fully described here, but the researcher may consult the repository’s 20,000 manuscript index cards or the Catalogue de la collection François-Louis-Georges Baby, prepared by Camille Bertrand, with preface by Paul Baby and introduction by Lucien Campeau (2v., Montréal, 1971). Handwritten copies of most items in the Baby Collection are held by the PAC.

BROME COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY ARCHIVES, Knowlton, Que. This repository contains about 250 ft of original documents, covering the period dating from 1755. It holds the BCHS archives, the papers of individuals, families, and societies of various townships, and documents related to a number of New England states. There are also 1,000 photographs, 50 daguerreotypes, and a collection of local newspapers. Organized in 1897 and incorporated in 1898, the BCHS published Transactions from 1897 to 1938, and, in 1937, a Catalogue of documentswith a bibliography of materials on the Eastern Townships. For a further description of the BCHS Archives see Collections of the Brome County Historical Society, preliminary inventory ([Ottawa and Knowlton], 1954) compiled by the PAC and the society.

  Materials used in volume IX include:

W. F. Beattie, “The time of Marcus Child”


VII: Knowlton family papers

  Paul Holland Knowlton

VIII:Miscellaneous family papers

  Stephen Sewell Foster

HAMILTON PUBLIC LIBRARY, Hamilton, Ont. The HPL, established in 1890, has always emphasized the collection of Canadian materials. In 1914, a separate Canadiana collection was organized and has grown steadily. It includes a large local history collection, and picture and

manuscript holdings have recently greatly expanded. Newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, pamphlets, and local periodicals have been indexed in detail.

Materials used in the preparation of volume IX include:

Ferrie papers

Hamilton biography

William Paterson McLaren

Sir Allan Napier MacNab

Andrew Steven

Index to census and assessment rolls, 1835–  

Land family papers

Land papers

HUDSON’S BAY COMPANY ARCHIVES, Winnipeg. In 1974, the HBC archives was transferred from London to Winnipeg and deposited in the PAM [see DCB, X, 747]. Dating from 1670, the records measure about 5,000 linear ft, and consist of correspondence, journals, account books, ships’ logs, and maps. The archives as constituted at present was established in 1932, and the work of organization proceeded thereafter [see R. H. G. Leveson Gower, “The archives of the Hudson’s Bay Company,” Beaver, outfit 264 (December 1933), 40–42, 64; Joan Craig, “Three hundred years of records,” Beaver, outfit 301 (autumn 1970), 65–70; “HBC archives to come to Manitoba,” Beaver, outfit 304 (autumn 1973), 32–33]. In 1938, a publishing programme was undertaken by the Hudson’s Bay Record Society [see section II], and in 1949, the HBC and PAC arranged jointly to microfilm the archives from 1670 to 1870. Information on the PAC copies is found in PAC Report, 1950, 13–14; 1952, 16–18; 1953–54, 21–22;1955–58,44–46.

The following were used in the preparation of volume IX:

Section A: London office records

A.1/: London minute books

A.5/: London correspondence outwards – general

A.6/: London correspondence outwards – official

A.10/: London inward correspondence – general

A.11/: London inward correspondence from HBC posts

A.12/: London inward correspondence from governors of HBC territories

A.16/: Officers’ and servants’ ledgers and account books

A.30/: Lists of servants in Hudson’s Bay

A.31/: Lists of commissioned officers

A.33/: Commissioned officers’ indentures and agreements

A.34/: Servants’ characters and staff records

A.36/: Officers’ and servants’ wills

A.44/: Register books of wills and administrators of proprietors, etc.

Section B: North America trading post records

B.4/b: Fort Alexander outward correspondence

B. 20/a: Bolsover House journals

B.34/a: Chesterfield House (Bow River) journal

B.34/d: Chesterfield House (Bow River) account books

B. 34/e: Chesterfield House (Bow River) reports on district

B. 39/a: Fort Chipewyan post journal

B.39/z: Fort Chipewyan, miscellaneous papers

B.60/a: Edmonton House journals

B.60/d: Edmonton House account books

B.80/a: Fort Good Hope journal

B.89/a: Île à la Crosse journals

B.105/a: Lac La Pluie journals

B.115/a: Lesser Slave Lake journals

B.115/d: Lesser Slave Lake account books

B.134/b: Montreal outward correspondence books

B.134/c: Montreal inward correspondence books

B.135/a: Moose Factory journals

B.135/c: Moose Factory inward correspondence

B.154/a: Norway House journals

B.154/b: Norway House outward correspondence

B.157/a: Peel River journals

B.159/a: Fort Pelly journals

B.181/a: Fort Resolution journals

B.188/e: Fort St James reports on district

B.200/a: Fort Simpson journals

B.200/b: Fort Simpson outward correspondence

B.200/d: Fort Simpson account books

B.226/b: Fort Victoria correspondence books

B.235/a: Winnipeg journals

B.239/a: York Factory journals

B.239/b: York Factory outward correspondence books

B.239/c: York Factory inward correspondence

B.239/d: York Factory account books

B.239/f: Lists of servants

B.239/g: Abstracts of servants’ accounts

B.239/k: Minutes of Council

B.239/l: Northern Department district statement

B.239/u: Northern Department servants’ engagement register

  B.239/x: Northern Department servants’ ledgers

Section C: Records of ships owned or chartered by the HBC

  C.1/: Ships’ logs

Section D: Journals and correspondence books, etc., of governors-in-chief of Rupert’s Land, commissioners, etc.

  D.4/: Governor George Simpson, correspondence outward

  D.5/: Governor George Simpson, correspondence inward

  D.6/1: Governor George Simpson – draft will, family

  letters, etc.

  D.6/2: Governor George Simpson –passport

  D.6/3: Governor George Simpson – minutes and

  correspondence concerning will

  D.9/: William Mactavish, correspondence outward

  D.10/: William Mactavish, correspondence inward

Section E: Miscellaneous

  E.4/: Red River Settlement church registers

  E.5/: Red River Settlement census returns

  E.11/: Nicholas Garry papers – correspondence and

  miscellaneous papers

  E.12/: Duncan Finlayson – draft and copy of

  marriage settlement with Isobel G.


Section F: Records relating to companies connected with or subsidiary to the HBC

  F.4/: North West Company account books

INVENTAIRE DES BIENS CULTURELS, Quebec. When Gérard Morisset* established the Service de l’Inventaire des œuvres d’art in 1940, he succeeded in gaining government recognition for a project of recording and locating works of art which he had conducted personally for more than ten years. Aided by a staff which he himself had trained, Morisset until 1967 photographed articles of silver, works of architecture, and paintings, searched parish account books, newspapers, and notarial registers, and accumulated many thousands of documents on artisans and their work. This impressive collection (about 70,000 photographs, 40,000 biographical cards, 20,000 slides, 5,000 old photographs) had already acquired a special value as the result of the disappearance of a number of the works of art. The Inventaire des œuvres d’art, now known as the Fonds Morisset, is open to all researchers upon application to the Ministère des Affaires culturelles.

The two principal sections of the Morisset col­

lection, the files concerning artists and craftsmen of Quebec (section 2), and those containing documents on architecture and works of art listed by area (section 5), contain useful material. There are also numerous files on architecture, works of art, and ethnography in Quebec in section 3. The slides have been individually described and classified to assist the researcher.

The material has all been systematically organized and there is a card index at the Centre de documentation, Service de l’Inventaire des biens culturels, 6 Rue de l’Université, Quebec.

McCORD MUSEUM, Montreal. A large portion of the McCord Museum archives consists of documents collected between 1860 and 1919 by David Ross McCord. The documents – about 160 linear ft – cover the period from 1682 to the present. In addition, the McCord Museum holds a photograph collection which includes the famous Notman Photographic Archives – about 400,000 prints and negatives – a most important source for research on 19th and 20th century Canada and Canadians. For further information about the archives, see John Andreassen, A preliminary guide to the manuscript collection, McGill University (Montreal, 1969), 9–19.

  The following material was used:

Antiquarian autographs

The Brothers in Law minute book, 1827–33

Hale family papers, 1829–1913

Library file

McCord papers, 1750–1930

McDonald, A. de Lery, family papers

Military papers

North West Company papers, 1783–1821

Notman Photographic Archives, 1856–1915

MCGILL UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES, DEPARTMENT OF RARE BOOKS AND SPECIAL COLLECTIONS, MANUSCRIPTS COLLECTION, Montreal. This repository, founded in 1965, holds 350 ft of Canadian documents dating from 1664 to the present, 4,654 photographs (1870–1945) and some 1,900 maps and plans. The collection includes documents relating to McGill University and a large selection of papers of scientists and explorers, scholars and authors, businessmen, other notable figures, various families, associations and institutions. In addition to Canadian documents, McGill University Libraries holds an important collection of European manuscripts (dating from the 9th century) and a collection of American manuscripts. For a more complete description, see: Richard Pennington, McGill University Library, special collections: European and American manuscripts (Montreal, 1962); John An­

dreassen, A preliminary guide to the manuscript collection, McGill University (Montreal, 1969).

The following were cited in volume IX: Corse family papers Frederick Griffin papers James Hargrave diary Robert Unwin Harwood papers John McDonald of Garth papers Ottawa and Rideau Forwarding Company


Toronto. The manuscript collection of MTCL contains approximately 650 ft of Canadian documents. There are several large collections of personal papers and business records and many single pieces: diaries, account books, letterbooks, etcetera. Most of the material is from the 19th century with the emphasis on pre-1850 politics. For further information on the library’s holdings see: Guide to the manuscript collection in the Toronto Public Libraries (Toronto, 1954).

The materials used in the preparation of volume IX include:

William Allan (1770–1853), papers, 1793–[c. 1892]

Robert Baldwin (1804–58), papers, 1819–58

William Warren Baldwin (1775–1844), papers, 1794–1850

Samuel Peters Jarvis (1792–1857), papers, 1763–1875

William Dummer Powell (1755–1834), papers, 1735–1847

John Strachan (1778–1867), papers, 1796–1839

Alexander Wood (1772?–1844), papers,


NEW BRUNSWICK MUSEUM, Saint John, N.B. Established in 1930, the N.B. Museum became a provincial institution in 1942. Parent organizations, such as the Natural History Society of New Brunswick, had been acquiring manuscripts for nearly a century; these materials were transferred to the museum’s Department of Canadian History in 1932 and formed the nucleus of the archives. For further information seeW. A. Squires, The history and development of the New Brunswick Museum (1842–1945) (N.B. Museum pub., Administrative series, 2, Saint John, N.B., 1945). For a further description of the holdings see New Brunswick Museum, Department of Canadian History, Archives Division, Inventory of manuscripts, 1967.

The following were consulted for volume IX:

Brown, Hon. James (1790–1870), journal. Photocopy, 1844–70.

Chandler, Edward Barron (1800–80), papers, 1821–70

Ganong manuscript collection, 1686–1941

Jack, David Russell, scrapbooks, 1840–1912

New Brunswick Historical Society, papers, 1811–75

Perley, Moses Henry (1804–62), papers, 1837–57

Register of marriages for the city and county of

Saint John, 1812–80, in 10 vols., with an index

Tilley family, papers, 1845–1931

Ward family, papers, 1775–1850 Webster manuscript collection, 1610–1956


Victoria. Established in 1893, this is the oldest archival institution in western Canada. Its manuscript collection is rich in material on the exploration of the Pacific northwest by land and sea and in material for the fur trade period. The official records for the colonial period (1849–71) are remarkably complete; records for the provincial period are also held. Substantial collections of private papers, some business records, and a large number of maps, including many of early cartographic interest, are held. There is an extensive collection of visual records – photographs, paintings, and lithographs. Integral to PABC’s holdings is an extensive and valuable collection of some 50,000 volumes of books and pamphlets as well as printed ephemera relating to the Pacific northwest. The archives holds almost complete files of newspapers for the colonial period and selected titles for later years.

The materials used most frequently were: Henry Maynard Ball, Journal, 18 Aug. 1864–22 Oct. 1865

British Columbia, Colonial secretary, Correspondence outward, May 1859–December 1870. 8 vols. Letterbook copies.

British Columbia, Governor, Despatches to

London, 14 Sept. 1863–31 Dec. 1867; 11 Jan. 1868–24 July 1871. Letterbook copies.

Colonial correspondence. An artificial series created from the letters inward to departments of the colonial governments of British Columbia and Vancouver Island from both individuals and other government departments. The letters are filed under the names of the senders.

Crease collection

John Sebastian Helmcken, “Reminiscences.” 5 vols., typescript, 1892.

Donald Ross papers

Vancouver Island, Governor, Despatches to London, 8 June 1859–28 Dec. 1861, 12 Jan. 1862–12 March 1864, 25 March 1864–19 Nov. 1866. Letterbook copies.

PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES OF MANITOBA, Winnipeg. In 1884, the librarian of the Legislative Li­

brary of Manitoba began to assemble documents relating to the Red River Settlement and to the Council of Assiniboia. The archives developed slowly as a special collection of the library until the end of the 1940s. In 1952 the government appointed an official archivist and a 1955 law made it an official repository, which became completely autonomous in 1970. In 1974, the archives of the Hudson’s Bay Company (q.v.) held in London was transferred to Winnipeg and deposited in the PAM. Both archival collections can be consulted in the new Manitoba Archives Building. In addition to manuscript and government records the PAM holds more than 65,000 classified photographs, a small number of paintings and drawings, and an outstanding collection of maps. In 1974, all private papers were completely reorganized. There is a central card index and unpublished preliminary and analytical inventories of the private papers, to facilitate research.

The following were used in volume IX:

MG 1: Indians, exploration and fur trade

D: Fur trade, individuals

2: William Mactavish, 1847–64

8: Robert Campbell, 1835–94

  14: Simon McTavish, 1792–94

MG 2: Red River Settlement

  A: Selkirk period, 1811–35

5: Robert Parker Pelly, 1816–24

B: Council of Assiniboia, 1835–69

4: District of Assiniboia: General Quarterly Court, 1844–72

  5: Red River Settlement papers: Red

  River correspondence, 1845–47

C: Individuals and settlement

3: George Marcus Cary, 1836–60

  14: Alexander Ross family collection,


  21: Donald Ross, 1848

  23: Robert Logan family papers,


MG 3: Red River disturbance, Northwest rebellion and related papers

B: Individuals re Red River disturbance

and Red River expedition

  17: William S. volume, 1914

D: Louis Riel

1: Correspondence and papers, 1860–1926

MG 5: United States

B: Individuals

2: James Wickes Taylor, 1852–93

MG 7: Church records and religious figures

B: Church of England (Anglican)

4: St Andrew’s Church

Register of marriages, 1835–83

  7: St John’s Church

  Register of baptisms, 1813–79

  Register of marriages, 1820–82

  Register of burials, 1821–75

C: Presbyterian

  12: John Black, 1846–81

MG 9: Literary manuscripts and theses

  A: Manuscripts and related papers

  76: Margaret Arnett MacLeod, 1930–64

MG 12: Lieutenant governors

  A: Adams George Archibald, 1870–72

  B: Alexander Morris

  Ketcheson collection

  Correspondence, 1845–99

  Telegram book, 1873–77

  Lieutenant governors’ collection

  Letterbooks, 1873–77

MG 14: Public life

  C: Individuals

  23: Charles Napier Bell (collector),



Fredericton. Established in 1968, the PANB contains government records series from 1785 as well as several private manuscript collections, including that of the York-Sunbury Historical Society. Records and manuscripts formerly with the New Brunswick Legislative Library have also been transferred to the archives.

Materials used in the preparation of volume

IX include:

J. C. and H. B. Graves, “New Brunswick political biography.”

  11 vols., typescript.

RED: Records of the Education Department

be: Board of Education

  5: Inspection papers for provincial schools, 1844–45

REX: New Brunswick Executive Council


le/l–g: Lieutenant governors’ letterbooks

  Colebrooke, 1841–48

  Head, 1848–54

  Manners-Sutton, 1854–61

mi/ex: Minutes of the Executive Council

Minute books and draft minutes, 1824–61

pa: Papers of the Executive Council, New

Brunswick series

Registers of appointments and commissions, 1785–1857

Education papers, University of New

Brunswick, 1815–90

Surveyor general’s correspondence,


px: Papers of the Executive Council, Ottawa


7–8: Draft minutes, 1824–30

16–27: Crown lands and forests,


  31–32: Emigration, 1819–60

  33: Fisheries

  40: Indians, 1809–54

  41–43: Militia and military, 1812–58

56–85: Finance, 1816–61

96–109: Public officials, 1784–1867

115–18: Health and welfare, 1823–67

RLE: New Brunswick Legislative Assembly papers

S55, 19 Jan. 1842–4 April 1842

S56, 31 Jan. 1843–11 April 1843

S63, 7 Feb. 1850–26 April 1850

RNA: Crown Land Office papers, Department of Natural Resources

c/3: Surveyor general’s letterbooks, 1785–1897

c/9: Return books for land and timber petitions, 1839–61

RPS: New Brunswick Provincial Secretary’s


  Departmental letterbooks, 1842–60

RJU: Records of the Justice Department

S: Supreme Court

PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES OF NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR, St John’s. Created by an act of the Newfoundland House of Assembly in 1959, the provincial archives took over the collection and preservation of existing public archives from Memorial University of Newfoundland, which had performed the task in the previous three years. Before 1956 government records were scattered through departmental offices.

Materials used in the preparation of volume IX include:

Government records – Newfoundland

GN l: Governor’s Office

1: Dispatches to the Colonial Office, 1818,


2: Dispatches from the Colonial Office,


3A: Incoming correspondence, 1850–1950

3B: Letterbooks, outgoing correspondence,


GN 2: Department of the Colonial Secretary

1: Outgoing correspondence, 1749–1864,


2: Incoming correspondence, 1825–59,

GN 9: Executive Council

Minutes, 1825–1900, 1915–34

GN 13: Department of Attorney General 

P: Private records


the government of Canada commissioned Douglas Brymner* and Abbé H.–A.–J.–B. Verreau* to investigate the holdings of English and French archives with a view to copying documents concerning the early history of Canada. The work of transcribing and microfilming such manuscripts, and of collecting original materials, including the records of the government of Canada, has proceeded since that time.

The following General inventories and Preliminary inventories to material used in the preparation of volume IX have been published by the Manuscript Division or the Public Records Division:

General inventory, manuscripts, 1: MG 1–MG

10 (1971).

General inventory, manuscripts, 3: MG 17–MG 21 (1974).

General inventory, manuscripts, 4: MG 22 G 25 (1972).

General inventory, manuscripts, 5: MG 26 G 27 (1972).

General inventory, manuscripts, 7: MG 29 (1975).

General inventory series, no.1: records relating to Indian affairs (RG 10) (1975).

Other inventories, some of them largely superseded by unpublished inventories available at the PAC, are the following:

Manuscript Group 30, twentieth century manuscripts (1966).

Record Group 1, Executive Council, Canada,


Record Group 2, Privy Council Office; Record Group 3, Post Office Department (1960).

Record Group 4, civil and provincial secretaries’ offices, Canada East, 1760–1867; Record Group 5, civil and provincial secretaries’ offices, Canada West, 1788–1867 (1953).

Record Group 7, Governor General’s Office (1953).

Record Group 8, British military and naval records (1954).

Record Group 9, Department of Militia and Defence, 1776–1922 ([1957]).

Record Group 11, Department of Public Works; Record Group 12, Department of Transport (marine; railways and canals) (1951).

Record groups, no.14: Records of parliament, 1775–1915; no.15: Department of the Interior; no.16: Department of National Revenue (1957).

Record Group 19, Department of Finance (1954).

Unpublished addenda for the above inventories

and unpublished inventories of other manuscripts and record groups, as well as finding aids to individual collections, are available for consultation at the PAC.

The following were found useful in the preparation of volume IX:

MG 8: Documents relatifs à la Nouvelle-France

et au Québec (XVIIe–XXe siècles)

A: Documents généraux

1: Correspondance officielle. Transcriptions,


G: Archives paroissiales

19: Montréal. Original, 1862–69; photocopies,

1770–80; transcriptions, 1642–1838.

  29: Saint-Eustache de la rivière du

  Chêne (église catholique). Transcriptions,


MG 9: Provincial, local, and territorial records

A: New Brunswick

1: Executive Council. Microfilm, 1784–1867.

10: Reports on archives and local records. Originals, 1907–8.

E: Manitoba

3: Census returns. Originals, 1831–70;

photocopies, 1832–56.

MG 17: Ecclesiastical archives

A: Roman Catholic Church

  7–2: Séminaire de Saint-Sulpice, Montréal. Original, 1828; transcriptions, 1635–1899; microfilm, 1556–1945.

MG 19: Fur trade and Indians

A: Fur trade, general

2: Ermatinger estate. Originals,

1758–1874; photocopies, 1766–1966.

9: Fraser, Simon. Originals, 1840;

photocopies, 1803–46.

  17: Macdonald of Garth, John. Photocopy, 1859.

  18: Larocque, François-Antoine. Originals, 1829–56.

  29: Anderson, James. Transcripts, 1849–63.

B: Fur trade, companies and associations

1: North West Company. Originals,

1798–1802, 1811; photocopies, 1801–11.

2: American Fur Company. Originals,

1817–34; microfilm, 1803–55.

D: Fur trade, post records and journals

7: Norway House. Originals, 1830–65.

E: Red River Settlement

1: Selkirk, Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl

of. Originals, 1803–8; microfilm,

1811–36, 1863; photocopies, c. 1811,

1816–18; transcripts, 1769–1870.

3: Logan, Robert. Transcripts, 1819–50.

MG 23: Late eighteenth century papers

  C: Nova Scotia

6: Inglis family. Originals, 1827–46; microfilm, 1755–1849; transcripts, 1759–1849.

  GII: Quebec and Lower Canada: political figures

10: Sewell, Jonathan. Originals, 1650–1911.

18: Hale family. Originals, 1799–1907.

  GIII: Quebec and Lower Canada: merchants and settlers

3: Ruiter (Ruyter) family papers. Originals, 1776–1867.

  HI: Upper Canada: political figures

4: Powell, William Dummer, and family. Originals, 1714–1924; photocopies, 1812; typescripts, n.d., 1805–7; transcripts, n.d., 1891.

L: Miscellaneous

4: Hamilton, Alexander. Original, 1796.

MG 24: Nineteenth century pre-confederation papers

  A: British officials and political figures

3: Douglas, Sir Howard, and family. Originals, 1776–1859; photocopies, 1795.

13: Bagot, Sir Charles. Originals, 1838–43; transcripts, 1816–43.

14: Richmond and Lennox, Charles Lennox, 3rd and 4th Dukes of. Transcripts, 1819; microfilm, 1764–66.

15: Derby, Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley, 14th Earl of. Microfilm, 1841–52.

16: Elgin, James Bruce, 8th Earl of. Originals, 1847–48; microfilm, 1823–58.

17: Harvey, Sir John. Originals, 1825–41; transcripts, 1813–41.

25: Head, Sir Francis Bond, and family. Originals, 1836–38; photocopies, 1827–41; microfilm, 1827–40.

27: Durham, John George Lambton, 1st Earl of. Originals, 1817–42; transcripts, 1838; typescripts, 1837, n.d.

40: Colborne, Sir John, 1st Baron Seaton. Originals, 1828–39; photocopies, 1821–63; microfilm, 1821–63.

  B: North American political figures and


1: Neilson collection. Originals, 1666–1912; transcripts, 1804–37;

photocopies, 1763–68, 1821–34.

2: Papineau, famille. Originaux, 1766–1915; transcriptions, 1542–1915; photocopies, 1805–1915.

3: Ryland, Herman Witsius, and family. Originals, 1685–1877; photocopies, 1798–1836; transcripts, 1789–1833.

4: Young family. Originals, 1788–1853; transcripts, 1794–99.

6: Viger, Denis-Benjamin. Originaux, 1667–1858; photocopies, 1797–1845.

11: Baldwin, William Warren and Robert. Transcripts, 1807–55; photocopies, 1835–50; microfilm, 1791–1881.

14: La Fontaine, Louis-Hippolyte. Originaux, 1855, 1859–61; transcriptions, 1638–1908.

15: Gibson, William. Originals, 1827–46.

17: MacNab, Sir Allan Napier. Originals, 1839–46; photocopies, 1832, 1854; microfilm, 1818–84.

18: Mackenzie, William Lyon. Originals, 1766–1878; photostats, 1794–1851; photocopies, 1822, 1860; typescripts, 1835–61; transcripts, n.d., 1832; microfilm, 1818–68.

24: Rolph, John. Originals, 1810–85.

29: Howe, Joseph. Originals, 1830–73; photocopies, 1847, 1863–65.

30: Macdonald, John Sandfield. Originals, 1831–1926; photocopies, 1862–71; transcripts, 1871.

31: Chapman, Henry S. Originals, 1832–53.

33: Gourlay, Robert Fleming. Originals, 1834–51.

34: Nelson, Wolfred. Originals, 1819–85; transcripts, 1834–59; typescript, 1906.

37: Perrault, Charles-Ovide, et famille. Photocopies, 1835–39.

38: Duncombe, Charles. Originals, 1839–75, 1945; photocopies, 1835; transcripts, 1465–1903.

40: Brown, George. Originals, 1837, 1848–80.

46: Cherrier, Côme-Séraphin. Originaux, 1775–1914; photocopie, vers 1865.

51: Little, Philip Francis. Microfilm, 1840––58, 1890.

55: Bytown. Originals, 1849.

59: Dessaulles, Louis-Antoine. Original, 1852–74; photocopie, 1855; transcriptions, 1871.

75:  Buell, William. Originals, 1833–34; transcripts, 1781–1906; typescripts, 1833–40.

82:  Rébellion de 1837. Originaux, 1837;

  transcription, 1837.

125: Coursol, Charles-Joseph. Originaux, 1846–83.

126: Quesnel, Frédéric-Auguste. Originals, 1782–1856.

C: Correspondents of political figures

4: Thompson, Sir John Sparrow. Originals, 1819–67.

10: Graham, Christopher H. Originals, 1834,1837–39.

16: Sadlier, James. Originals, 1855–68.

19: Ogden, Charles S. Originals, 1861–68.

24: Têtu, Félix. Original, 1850.

31: Smith, Sir Henry. Photocopy, 1857.

34: Benjamin, George. Photocopies, 1858–61.

D: Industry, commerce, and finance

8: Wright family. Originals, 1792–1864; photocopies, 1834–35; transcripts, 1837–76; typescripts, 1806; microfilm, 1816–62.

11: Phoenix Assurance Company. Photocopies, 1808–46.

16: Buchanan, Isaac, and family. Originals, 1813–83; microfilm, 1697–1896.

18: Whyte, James Matthew. Originals, 1817–42,1918–21.

24: Bethune, Donald. Originals, 1821–53.

36: Glyn Mills and Company. Originals, 1838–81; transcripts, 1851–66; microfilm, 1838–74.

E: Transportation

  1: Merritt, William Hamilton, and family.

  Originals, 1775–1897; microfilm, 1780–1873.

F: Military and naval figures

29: Communications and settlement. Originals, 1819–22.

71: Warre, Henry James. Originals, 1819–57.

87: Townshend, Henry Dives. Originals, 1654–1920.

G: Militia

20: Gourlay, William. Originals, 1795–1904.

33: Askin, John B. Originals, 1838, 1840.

45: Salaberry, famille de. Originaux, 1737–1880; transcriptions, 1775–1819; photocopies, 1748–58.

I: Immigration, land, and settlement

9: Hill collection. Originals, 1798–1942.

25: Gilkison family. Originals, 1808–57, 1906.

26: Hamilton, Alexander. Originals, 1792, 1802–44; transcripts, 1809, 1858, 1927, n.d.

40: Sparks, Nicholas, and family. Photocopies, 1844, 1849; microfilm, 1821–92.

47: Jarvis, William Botsford. Originals, 1826–51; transcripts, 1832–36.

69: Stikeman, Alfred. Originals, 1837–38.

75: Secord, Laura. Original, [1840] .

107: O’Connor, Daniel. Originals, 1824–1901.

119: Joly, Pierre-Gustave. Microfilm, 1804–65.

J: Religious figures

1: Strachan, John. Originals, 1820–38; transcripts, 1812; typescript, 1861; microfilm, 1794–1891.

14: King, William. Originals, 1836–95; microfilm, 1849–95.

K: Education and cultural development

2: Coventry, George. Originals, 1783–1884; transcripts, 1759–1862.

11: Ogden, Charles Richard. Originals, c. 1830.

MG 26: Papers of the prime ministers

A: Macdonald, Sir John Alexander. Originals, 1809–1914; photocopy, 1969;

typescripts, 1967.

  D: Thompson, Sir John Sparrow David.

Originals, 1867–95.

  F: Tupper, Sir Charles. Originals,


MG 27: Political figures, 1867–1950

I: 1867–96

  A: Secretaries of state for the colonies

4: Kimberley, John Wodehouse, 1st Earl. Microfilm, 1865–92.

  D: Cabinet ministers

15: Tilley, Sir Samuel Leonard. Originals, 1801–95; photocopies, 1864–65.

  E: Members of the House of Commons and

the Senate

9: McGee, Thomas D’Arcy. Originals, 1862–1954; microfilm, 1841–73; transcripts, 1865.

10A: Murphy, Edward. Originals, 1880–91.

12: O’Donohoe, John. Originals, n.d., 1859–85; transcripts, n.d., 1859–61.

32: Kierzkowski, Alexandre-Édouard. Originaux, 1823–1958.

  H: Consuls

1: Archibald, Sir Edward Mortimer.

  Originals, 1800–1923; photocopies,

  1865–66; transcripts, 1830–80.

  II: 1896–1921

 D: Cabinet ministers

  10: Lemieux, Rodolphe. Originaux, 1874–1974.

  III: 1921–50

  B: Cabinet ministers

  8: Murphy, Charles. Originals,

  1863–1935; photocopy, 1869;

  transcripts, 1857–69.

MG 29: Nineteenth century post-confederation


  C: Social

86: Sellar family. Originals, 1863–1911; photocopies, 1863–1947.

  D: Cultural

15: Moylan, James. Originals, 1857–91; photocopies, 1896–1931.

61: Morgan, Henry James. Originals, 1855–1935; photocopies, 1855–95.

  E: Professional and public life

29: Denison, George Taylor III. Originals, 1847–1928, 1936, 1947.

34: Kerr, John Andrew. Originals, 1869–1940.

MG 30: Twentieth century manuscripts

D: Education and cultural development

58: Roy, Pierre-Georges. Originaux, c 1915–23; photocopie, 1917.

62: Audet, Francis-Joseph. Originaux, 1907–42.

111: Underhill, Frank Hawkins. Originals, 1896–1971.

159: Tweed, Tommy. Originals, 1885-1971.

RG 1: Executive Council, Canada, 1764–1867

E: State records

l: Minute books (state matters). Originals, 1764–1867; certified typed copies, 1764–91.

3: Upper Canada state papers. Originals, 1791–1841.

7: Submissions to council. Originals, 1841–67.

L: Land records

1: Minute books (land matters). Originals, 1787–1867.

3: Upper Canada and Canada, petitions. Originals, 1791–1867.

3L: Quebec and Lower Canada, petitions. Originals, 1764–1842.

RG 3: Post Office Department

l: Deputy Postmaster General T. A. Stayner’s correspondence, 1841–51

9: Miscellaneous records, 1807–1921

RG 4: Civil and provincial secretaries’ offices,

Quebec, Lower Canada, and Canada


A: Civil secretary’s correspondence,


1: Series. Originals, 1760–1840.

B: Office records, 1763–1867

8: Petitions for notaries’ and advocates’ commissions. Originals, 1760–1841.

12: Lists of executive and legislative councillors, 1829–32

15: Land records, 1831–64

28: Bonds, licences, and certificates, 1763–1867

30: School records, 1768–1856

46: Miscellaneous records relating to Lord Selkirk’s colony and the Red River disturbances, 1815–21

72: Election records, Lower Canada and Canada East, 1792–1866

C: Provincial secretary’s correspondence,


1: Numbered correspondence files, 1839–67

2: Letterbooks, Quebec, Lower Canada, 1765–71,1812–19,1828–65

RG 5: Civil and provincial secretaries’ offices,

Upper Canada and Canada West

A: Civil secretary’s office, 1791–1840

1: Upper Canada sundries, 1766–1840

B: Miscellaneous records, 1788–1866

9: Bonds, licences, and certificates, 1803–67

30: Records of the commission of inquiry into the state of the public departments, 1839–40

36: Records of the London District magistrates relating to the treason hearings, 1837–38

41: Court martial proceedings, Fort Henry, U.C., 1838–39

C: Provincial secretary’s correspondence,


1: Numbered correspondence files, 1821–67

4: Miscellaneous correspondence, 1840–59

RG 7: Governor general’s office

G1: Dispatches from the Colonial Office,


G6: Dispatches from the British minister at

Washington, 1815–1909

G8: Records from the lieutenant governors’

offices, 1771–1873

B: New Brunswick, 1784–1867

C: British Columbia, 1849–72

G9: Drafts of dispatches to the Colonial

Office, 1792–1909

A: Enclosures in dispatches to the Colonial Office, 1838–41, 1861–69

G16: Letterbooks, Upper Canada, 1793–1841

A: Lieutenant governor’s internal letterbooks, 1805–6, 1818–41

B: Correspondence with the British Treasury, 1793–1834

C: Civil secretary’s letterbooks, 1799–1840

G20: Civil secretary’s correspondence,


G23: Miscellaneous records relating to royal

visits and vice-regal tours, 1860–1959

RG 8: British military and naval records

I: C series (British military records)

  IV: Records of the Court of Vice-Admiralty,

Halifax, 1784–1818

RG 9: Department of Militia and Defence,


I: Pre-confederation records

  A: Adjutant general’s office, Lower Cana

da, 1776–1847

1: Correspondance, 1777–1847

3: Ordres généraux, 1805–46

5: Registres des officiers, 1808–46

7: Rôles d’engagement et listes de paye de la milice incorporée pour la guerre de 1812, 1812–15

B: Adjutant general’s office, Upper Canada, 1795–1846

1: Correspondence, 1802–47

3: General orders, 1809–52

5: Registers of officers, 1824–47

7: War of 1812 records, 1812–15

C: Adjutant general’s office, United

Canada, 1846–69

  1: Correspondence, 1846–69

  2: Returns, 1846–69

  4: General orders, 1846–68

  6: Register of officers, 1846–69

RG 10: Indian affairs

  A: Administrative records of the imperial


1: Records of the governor general and

lieutenant governors

789–92: General administration records, 1787–1836

2: Records of the superintendent’s office

22–25: Chief superintendent’s office correspondence, 1828–1930

568, 586: Deputy superintendent general’s office, letterbooks, 1789–1830

3: Records of the military

78–82, 141, 590–610, 655–55a: Secretary and resident agent, Montreal, 1820–57

83–102: Secretary of Indian affairs, Quebec, 1831–41

4: Records of the chief superintendent’s office, Upper Canada 124–39: Jarvis correspondence, 1837–45

498–509: Letterbooks, 1829–45

5: Records of the civil secretary’s office 263–72: General administration records, 1845–61

510–20: Letterbooks, 1844–61

752–60: Correspondence, 1844–61,

abstracts of letters received

6: General office files 116–18: Departmental organization, 1809–60

B: Ministerial administration records

2: Deputy superintendent general’s office

273–399: Correspondence, 1862–74

521–27: Letterbooks, 1862–67

722–24: Reports and statements, 1862–74

C: Field office records

I: Superintendency records

1: Central (Toronto) superintendency

405–35: Correspondence, 1845–79

532–66: Letterbooks, 1845–83

3: Northern (Manitowaning) superintendency

572–79: Letterbooks, 1846–77

612–19: Correspondence, 1822–96

620–21a: General administration files, 1846–72

691: Accounts, 1837–45

RG 11: Department of Public Works (This record group has been reorganized and parts transferred to other record groups. Conversion lists for all references are available at the PAC.)

RG 16: Department of National Revenue

A: Customs

1: Correspondence and returns, Upper Canada, 1790–1841

4: Miscellaneous records, 1843–1934

5: Port records, 1795–1956

RG 17: Department of Agriculture

A: To 1920

I: Records of the minister, deputy minister, and secretary

1: Numbered correspondence

2: General letterbooks III: Immigration Branch

1: Unnumbered correspondence and subject files

RG 19: Department of Finance

E: Departmental correspondence,


  5: Records relating to committees, commissions, etc.

3769–4004: Rebellion losses, 1839–54

RG 30: Canadian National Railways

 1–17: Great Western Railway, its predecessors,

subsidiaries, and properties,

  Minutes, 1853–74

 18–22: Great Western Railway, its predecessors,

  subsidiaries, and properties, Capital stock records, 1837–53

388–90: Lake St-Louis and Province Line Railway

  Company, Capital stock records, 1851–54

RG 31: Statistics Canada

  A: Census Division

  1. Census records, 1825–71

RG 42: Department of Marine

  I: Shipping registers, 1787–1966

RG 68: Department of the Registrar General

1: Registration of proclamations, commissions, letters patent, warrants, and other instruments issued under the great seal

of Canada

General index, 1651–1841 General index, 1841–67

4: Originals of registered documents,


  A: Documents registered


Founded in 1857 by the Nova Scotian government in order to preserve and arrange “the ancient records and documents illustrative of the History and progress of Society in this province,” the PANS is the oldest provincial archives in Canada. The present fireproof building was officially opened on 14 Jan. 1931, and records were transferred from various government departments. The archives also contains court papers, municipal records, family and business papers, collections of societies such as the Nova Scotia Historical Society, community and church records, microfilm copies of deeds and wills from county registries and courts of probate, and a collection of Nova Scotian newspapers. For further information seeC. B. Fergusson, The Public Archives of Nova Scotia (PANS Bull., 19, Halifax, 1963). For a further description of the collections see Catalogue or list of manuscript documents, arranged, bound and catalogued under the direction of the commissioner of public records . . . (Halifax, 1877; 2nd ed., 1886). Inventory of manuscripts in the Public Archives of Nova Scotia was published in 1976.

Materials used include:

MG 1: Papers of families and individuals

  817–63: Thomas Brenton Smith papers

MG 2: Political figures

724–25: George R. Young

731–82: Sir William Young papers. Business,

  politics, legal documents, 1814–86.

MG 3: Business papers

  154: Halifax Fire Insurance Company papers

MG 4: Churches and communities

  18: Cornwallis Township records

MG 5: Cemeteries

MG 12: Great Britain – Army

HQ: Headquarters Halifax

24–43: General orders, 1823–52

MG 20: Societies

61–70: Charitable Irish Society, Halifax. Minutes, accounts, miscellaneous, 1786–1944.

98: Guysborough Temperance and Total

Abstinence Society. Minutes and list

of members, 1843–60.

  179/1: Halifax Visiting Dispensary. Minutes, 1855–87.

  181: Halifax Medical Society. Minutes, 1853–61,1861–68.

RG 1: Miscellaneous government documents which had been arranged in bound volumes

60–110: Dispatches from the secretary of state to the governors of Nova Scotia. Originals, 1800–67.

111–28: Dispatches from the governors of Nova Scotia to the secretary of state. Letterbook copies, 1808–67.

175–76: Commission books. July 1835–December 1853.

186–203: Executive Council. Minutes. Originals, 1749–1916.

209–14½: Executive Council. Minutes. Transcripts, 1749–1867.

224–65: Miscellaneous. January 1788–August 1855.

286–98: Legislative Council. Petitions, reports, resolutions, and miscellaneous papers. Originals, 1760–1833.

301–14: House of Assembly. Papers. Originals, 1758–1841.

  414: City of Halifax. Miscellaneous records, 1790–1866.

  449: Census of Nova Scotia, 1838

  451: Census of Halifax County, 1851

455–57½: Nova Scotia railways, 1835–67

458–65½: Miscellaneous material on coal, gold, and iron in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. Transcripts, 1800–68.

501A: Vice-Admiralty Court, Halifax. List of vessels captured, 1814–18.

RG 5: Records of the Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia

  GP: Governor’s petitions, 1780–1891

  P: Petitions, 1816–1926

  R: Reports and resolutions, 1816–96

RG 7: Provincial secretary’s papers

  1–140: Letters received, 1804–1920

RG 14: Education and schools

RG 20: Lands and Forests

  A: Land grants and petitions

  B: Cape Breton

  C: Land papers

RG 21: Mines and mining in Nova Scotia

  A: Coal mines, gold mines, iron mines.

General correspondence, reports and returns, petitions, leases and miscellaneous. 1795–1913.

  M: Mines, mining, and mineral resources. Miscellaneous. Microfilm, 1827–1966.

RG 31: Treasury, finance, and economics

RG 32: Vital statistics

RG 34: General Sessions of the Peace

RG 35: Municipalities

  A: Assessment records

RG 39: Supreme Court

  J: Judgement books

  7–80: 1784–1865


Charlottetown. The PAPEI was created by an act of the Legislative Assembly which received royal assent in 1964, and is located in the Confederation Centre of the Arts, Charlottetown. Records received from various government offices and material that had been stored in Province House formed the nucleus of the collection. Funds for the operation of the archives are provided by an annual vote of the Legislature, the archives being a division of the Department of the Provincial Secretary.

Materials used in the preparation of volume IX include:

Central Academy, Minute book, 1834–56 Port Hill papers, 1822–47

Prince Edward Island

RG 1: Lieutenant governor, Commission books, 1790–1955

RG 5: Executive Council, Minutes, 1770–1959

RG 6.1: Courts, Supreme Court, 1778–1938

RG 6.2: Courts, Probate Court, 1806–1900. Microfilm.

RG 9: Collector of customs, Shipping registers, 1815–50. Microfilm.

RG 15: Commissioners of crown and public

  lands, T. H. Haviland rent books, 1845–69

RG 16: Registry Office, Land registry records, 1767–1900

QUEBEC DIOCESAN ARCHIVES, Quebec. The collection and organization of the documents in this archives was begun by the Reverend H. C. Stuart early in the 20th century and continued from 1930 to 1940 by the Reverend A. R. Kelley. The ANQ-Q and the Church Society of the diocese of Quebec now each hold a part of this material. The archives contains documents concerning the history of the Anglican diocese of Quebec, dating from its creation in 1793, including letters patent, consecration records and papers of the bishops, correspondence relating to parishes and various associations and institutions of the diocese, and a considerable number of miscellaneous individual documents. The archives also has copies of letters and documents concerning the diocese (1759–1864) which are in England, and two important sections of printed material. For a fuller description of the archives see: A. R. Kelley, “The Quebec Diocesan Archives; a description of the collection of historical records of the Church of England in the Diocese of Quebec,” ANQ Rapport, 1946–47, 181–298; A. M. Awcock, “Catalogue of the Quebec Diocesan Archives” (roneo copy at the archives, Shawinigan, Que., 1973).

The following were used in the preparation of volume IX:

Section A: Letters patent and records of consecration of bishops, 1793–1935

Section B: Parishes of the Diocese of Quebec, 1793–1885

50 (B-4), Drummondville

53 (B-7), Hatley

56 (B-10), Levis

68 (B-22), Sherbrooke

70 (B-24), Three Rivers

Section C: Correspondence of Right Reverend Jacob Mountain, 1792–1845

  80 (C-9),  1818–21

  81 (C-10),  1822–45

Section D: Copies of letters and papers referring

  to Diocese of Quebec, 1759–1864

91 (D-–10), 1826–28

92 (D-11), 1829–30

94 (D-13), 1833–35

96 (D-15), 1838–40

97 (D-16), 1841–42

100 (D-20), 1846

Section G: Institutions of the diocese, 16 vols., 1800–73

114 (G-8), Travelling missionaries

118 (G-12), Education 

119 (G-13), Red River 

120 (G-14), Church Society

121 (G-15), List of deeds, acts, synods and other papers

122 (G-16), Synod of the Diocese of Quebec

Section Unbound manuscripts, 3 cases, 23 folders, 1798–1905

Case 2, folder 13: Mountain papers

QUEEN’S UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES, Kingston, Ont. During the past century the QUA has developed as a non-governmental repository with collections of private papers and records of national significance. Its holdings include the records of Queen’s University from its founding in 1841, the personal papers of noted faculty members and of Canadians prominent in literature, politics, journalism, and business, and many family and business records pertaining to eastern Ontario. The official archives of the City of Kingston are also housed in this repository.

Materials used in the preparation of volume IX include:

John Solomon Cartwright papers, 1822–64

Kingston Town Council proceedings, 1838–45

Kingston City Council Proceedings, 1846–66

Thomas Kirkpatrick papers

Kirkpatrick-Nickle legal records William Morris papers, 1823–53

Queen’s records

A: Founding material

3: Doomsday book

B: Queen’s letters

D: Board of Trustees

1: Minutes of the Board of Trustees

6: Accounts

UNITED CHURCH ARCHIVES, Toronto. During the 19th century, archival collections were assembled by the various Canadian Methodist and Presbyterian bodies, usually in the libraries of their colleges. Materials were also gathered at the Methodist Publishing House, and some foreign mission correspondence was collected at the Presbyterian Foreign Mission Office. Most of this material is now part of the United Church Archives. The largest part of this collection is at the Central Archives of the United Church, Victoria University, Toronto.

The Central Archives collection is national in scope and contains the official records of the boards and departments of the various denominations now merged into the United Church of Canada; copies of denominational publications; monographs and pamphlets published by the various denominations (or relating to them); papers

of prominent ministers; some parish records; pictures of ministers, churches, home and foreign missions; tapes of oral history interviews; published parish histories and minutes of the various boards and administrative courts of the denominations concerned. Material of local interest and official records of the Conferences concerned are housed in regional Conference Archives.

  Materials used in volume IX include:

Robert Burns papers

Canada Presbyterian Church, Minutes of the

  Synod, 1861–66

Glasgow Colonial Society, correspondence,


Methodist Episcopal Church in Canada, General

  Conference, addresses, correspondence and

  reports, 1848–83; journals, 1835–83

Mission register for the Credit River Mission,


Presbyterian Church of Canada, Minutes of the

  Synod, 1844–61

Presbyterian Church of Canada in connexion

  with the Church of Scotland, Minutes of the

  Synod, 1833–44

UNIVERSITY OF NEW BRUNSWICK LIBRARY, ARCHIVES AND SPECIAL COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT, Fredericton. The department was established in 1939 by Dr A. G. Bailey, head of the History Department. At that time there was no provincial archives and he was embarking on a programme of research into the history of the Maritime provinces. He obtained a Rockefeller Grant in 1943 to aid in the purchase of relevant books, papers, and manuscripts; these materials, along with what university records were retrievable, constituted the nucleus from which the holdings of the department have grown.

  Materials used in volume IX include:

BC-MS: Beaverbrook Collection

  Douglas, Sir Howard (1776–1861), letterbooks,


MG H: Historical

  H2: Winslow family papers, 1695–1815

H9: Maxwell, Lillian Mary Beckwith (1877–1956), papers, 1784–1951

H10: Tilley, Sir Samuel Leonard (1818–96), correspondence and papers, 1852–70

H12a: Gordon, Sir Arthur Hamilton, 1st Baron Stanmore (1829–1912), papers, 1861–66

UA: University Archives

  RG62: Robb, James, correspondence, 1837–64

  King’s College, College Council, minute books,



CIAL COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT. The Rare Books and Special Collections Department was established late in 1955 and in 1973 was housed in the new Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library building. In addition to printed material, it has from the beginning held manuscript collections as well as individual manuscripts. Although the major collections are private papers of Canadian origin, there are manuscripts of European origin from documents of the 4th century to authors’ corrected typescripts of the 20th century. For a more extensive description of holdings see The Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library: a brief guide to the collections ([Toronto], 1974).

Materials consulted in the preparation of volume IX include:

MS coll. 56: MacNab, Sir Allan Napier

(1798–1862), papers

MS coll. 78: Elmsley, John (1801–63), papers

MSS 144: Pearson, William Henry

(1831–1920), holograph necrology,


UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN ONTARIO, D. B. WELDON LIBRARY, London, Ont. The library is the official depository for the Archives of the Society of Friends in Canada. The deposit of their papers began in 1926 and constituted the first major set of papers in the collection founded by Dr Fred Landon* and continued by Dr J. J. Talman and Dr Robert Lee. The Regional History Department was formally organized in 1942 with Elsie McL. Murray (Mrs W. W. Jury) as head. It is now called the Regional Collection and it has formed a comprehensive archives on southwestern Ontario. Major holdings include court, educational, and municipal records for several counties centring on London; records of business firms; records of societies and organizations; and personal, political, or literary papers of local personalities.

Major collections used in the preparation of volume IX include:

128: George J. Goodhue papers

Archives of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) in Canada

H–7–2: Pelham Monthly Meeting of Friends, 1799–1806

0–11–6: Yonge Street Monthly Meeting, 1806–18


CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY ARCHIVES, London. The CMS, founded in 1799, was first active in Canada in 1820 when it provided financial sup­

port for a minister in the Red River Settlement; thereafter its activities in the west expanded until they reached the Pacific in 1857. As the Anglican church in Canada grew and developed its own missionary activity the society gradually relinquished its control, and by 1920 all branches of CMS work had been merged with the Canadian missionary society. For copies of materials in the PAC see General inventory, manuscripts, 3: MG 17–MG 21 (Ottawa, 1974).

The following were consulted in the preparation of volume IX:

Committee minutes

North-West America mission

Colonial ordination

Letters to home secretaries, 1822–74

London correspondence outwards, 1821–60

Letters of David Anderson, 1849–64

Letters and journals of William Cockran,


Letters of Robert James, 1846–51

Journal of the Reverend William Mason,

10 Sept. 1854–28 Aug. 1858

Letters and journals of John Smithurst,


PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE, London. For an introduction to the contents and arrangement of this archives see Guide to the contents of the Public Record Office (3v., London, 1963–68). For copies of Colonial Office documents available at the PAC see Preliminary inventory, manuscript group 11 . . . (Ottawa, 1961).

Materials cited in volume IX include: Admiralty Accounting departments

Ships’ musters

  Adm. 36: Series I (1688–1808)

  Adm. 37: Series II (1804–42)

Admiralty and Secretariat

  Adm. 1: Papers (1660–1962)

Registers, returns, and certificates

Adm. 8: List books (1673–1893)

Adm. 9: Returns of officers’ services (1817–1822 and 1846)

Colonial Office. [See R. B. Pugh, The records of

the Colonial and Dominions offices (PRO

  handbooks, 3, London, 1964).]

  British Columbia

  CO 60: Original correspondence (1858–71) Canada

  CO 42: Original correspondence (1700–1922)

  CO 43: Entry books (1763–1872)

  CO 537: Original correspondence, supplementary (1842–98)

New Brunswick

CO 188: Original correspondence (1784–1867)

CO 189: Entry books (1769–1867)

CO 193: Miscellanea (1786–1865)


CO 194: Original correspondence (1696–1922)

CO 195: Entry books (1623–1867)

CO 199: Miscellanea (1677–1903)

Nova Scotia and Cape Breton

CO 217: Original correspondence (1710–1867)

Prince Edward Island

CO 226: Original correspondence (1769–1873)

CO 227: Entry books (1769–1872)

CO 231: Miscellanea (1807–71)

Vancouver Island

CO 305: Original correspondence (1846–67)

Confidential print

CO 880: North America ([1677]–1913)

Exchequer and Audit Department

AO 2: Declared and passed accounts (In books) (1803–48)

Foreign Office. [See Records of the Foreign

Office, 1782–1939 (PRO handbooks, 13,


General correspondence

FO 5: America, United States of. Series II (1793–1905).

Public Record Office

Documents acquired by gift, deposit, or purchase

PRO 30/22: Russell papers

Board of Trade

Records of the registrar general of shipping and seamen

BT 107: Transcripts and transactions, series I

BT 108: Transcripts and transactions, series II: transcripts

BT 109: Transcripts and transactions, series III: transactions


Out-letters T 28: Various (1763–1885)

War Office


WO l: In-letters (1732–1868)

WO 7: Out-letters: departmental (1715–1862)


WO 12: Muster books and pay lists: general (1732–1878)

WO 17: Monthly returns (1759–1865)

WO 25: Registers, various (1660–1938)

WO 42: Certificates of birth, etc.


  WO 76: Officers’ services, records of (1755–1954)

Private collections

WO 80: Murray papers (1804–59)

  Ordnance Office

  WO 44: In-letters (1682–1873)

  WO 54: Registers (1594–1871)

WO 55: Miscellanea (1568–1923) Commissariat Department

  WO 61: Registers (1791–1889)

UNITED SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL, London. Formed in 1965 the USPG is responsible for continuing work formerly carried on by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (incorporated by royal charter, 1701) and the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa (founded 1857). The archives is in the process of reorganizing and reclassifying some material. Thus classifications used by Canadian archives holding USPG microfilm do not always

correspond to those of the archives itself. Indexes are available at USPG, however, and most dated references are easily transferred. For copies of USPG archives documents in the PAC see General inventory, manuscripts, 3: MG 17–MG 21 (Ottawa, 1974).

The following were consulted:

Journal of proceedings of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. Comprises bound and indexed volumes of the proceedings of the general meetings held in London from 1701, and four appendices, A, B, C, D (1701–1860).

C/CAN: Unbound letters from Canada, 1752–1860. Letters from Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec, and Toronto groupings were used. Nominal card index is available at USPG.

D: Original letters received from 1850, bound in volumes. Handlist of writers and places, not alphabetical, available at USPG.

E: Reports from SPG missionaries from 1856, bound in volumes. Handlist available at USPG.





II: Le séminaire de Québec (Provost).


  PUBLICATIONS [See also section III.]

Rapport. Documents and inventories from the ANQ – as well as from other archives – have been published in the Rapport. Volumes correspond to the fiscal years for 1920–21 to 1948–49 and 1959–60; those for the years 1949–51 to 1957–59 include two years; no volumes were published for 1961 or 1962, but publication was resumed in 1963. There is an index to the contents of the first 42 volumes: Table des matières des rapports des Archives du Québec, tomes 1 à 42 (1920–1964) (1965).

The Arthur papers; being the Canadian papers mainly confidential, private, and demi-official of Sir George Arthur, K.C.H., last lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, in the manuscript collection of the Toronto Public Libraries. Edited by Charles Rupert Sanderson. 3 vols. Toronto, 1957–59.


[BEGG, ALEXANDER.] Alexander Begg’s Red

River journal and other papers relative to the Red River resistance of 1869–1870. Edited with an introduction by William Lewis Morton. (Champlain Society publications, XXXIV.) Toronto, 1956.




House of Commons debates/Débats de la chambre des Communes, used for 1867–70.

Journals of the House of Commons of the Dominion of Canada . . ./Journaux de la chambre des Communes de la puissance du Canada . . .,1867–70.


Sessional papers . . . of the dominion of Canada/Documents de la session . . . de la puissance du Canada, from 1867–68 to 1872, and 1911.




Journals of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada/Journaux de l’Assemblée législative de la province du Canada, 1841–66.

General index to the “Journals of the Legislative Assembly” of Canada; in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd parliaments, 1841–1851.Compiled by Alfred Todd. Montreal, 1855; reprinted, Washington, 1972.

General index to the “Journals of the Legislative Assembly” of Canada; in the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th parliaments, 1852–1866.Compiled by Alfred Todd. Ottawa, 1867; reprinted, Washington, 1972. For the debates of theLegislative Assembly for the union period, see Debates of the Legislative Assembly of United Canada(Gibbs et al.).


Journals of the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada/Journaux du Conseil législatif de la province du Canada,1841–66.


Parliamentary debates on the subject of the confederation of the British North American provinces, 3rd session, 8th provincial parliament of Canada/Débats parlementaires sur la question de la confédération des provinces de l’Amérique britannique du Nord, 3e session, 8e parlement provincial du Canada. Quebec, 1865;the Parliamentary debateswere reprinted at Ottawa in 1951.

Sessional papers . . . of the Province of Canada/Documents de la session . . . de la province du Canada,from XVIII(1860) to XXVI (1866).Volumes I (1841) to XVII (1859)were published as appendices to the Journalsof the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council of theProvince of Canada. For the parliamentary debates from1846 to 1874, see “Parliamentary debates.”

Statutes of the Province of Canada . . . /Statuts de la province du Canada . . . , 1841–66.


For a complete, critical bibliography of the publicationsof the Province of Canada, seesection IV: Bishop, Pubs. of the government of the Prov. of Can.

Canada Gazette. Kingston, Montreal, Toronto, Quebec, and Ottawa. Official publication of the government of the Province of Canada published weekly from 2 Oct. 1841 to 26 June 1869. The journal moved to follow the seat of government.

The Canadian North-West, its early development

and legislative records; minutes of the councils

of the Red River colony and the Northern Department of Rupert’s Land. Edited by Edmund Henry Oliver.(PAC publications, 9.) 2vols. Ottawa, 1914–15.

CHAMPLAIN SOCIETY. “Founded in 1905, with head quarters in

  Toronto, for the purpose of publishing rare and inaccessible materials relating to the history of Canada. Its publications are issued only to elected members, limited in number . . . [See also HUDSON’S BAY RECORD SOCIETY.]


XII: Thompson, Narrative (Tyrrell).

XIII–XV, XVII: Select British documents of the Canadian War of 1812 (Wood).

XXII: Documents relating to NWC(Wallace).

XXIV: Hargrave correspondence (Glazebrook).

XXVIII: Mactavish, Letters of Letitia Hargrave (MacLeod).

XXXIII: Dufferin-Carnarvon correspondence

(de Kiewiet and Underhill).

XXXIV: Begg, Red River journal (Morton).

XL: Thompson, Narrative(Glover).

XLIV: Papers of Palliser expedition(Spry).

XLV: Franchère, Journal of a voyage(Lamb).


Champlain Society was invited by the Ontario

government to prepare and publish a series of

documentary volumes “to preserve in printed

form . . . a representative selection of the

more interesting and significant records of the

past . . . .” This series is sold through normal

publishing channels.


I: Valley of the Trent(Guillet).

V: Town of York, 1793–1815(Firth).

VI: Muskoka and Haliburton(Murray).

VIII: Town of York, 1815–1834(Firth).

Debates of the Legislative Assembly of United

Canada. Elizabeth Gibbs et al.6 vols. in 8 to date. Montreal, 1970–  In progress.

Documentary history of education in Upper

Canada from the passing of the Constitutional Act of 1791 to the close of Rev. Dr. Ryerson’s administration of the Education Department in 1876. Edited by John George Hodgins. 28 vols. Toronto, 1894–1910.

Documents relating to the constitutional history

of Canada . . . . Selected and edited with notes by Adam Shortt et al.(PAC publication.)3 vols. Ottawa, 1907–35.

[II]: 1791–1818. Edited by Arthur George Doughty and Duncan A. McArthur.

[III]: 1819–1828. Edited by Arthur George Doughty and Norah Story.

Documents relating to the North West Company.

Edited with introduction, notes, and appendices by William Stewart Wallace. (Champlain Society publications, XXII.) Toronto, 1934.

Dufferin-Carnarvon correspondence, 1874–1878.

Edited by Cornelis Willem de Kiewiet and Frank Hawkins Underhill. (Champlain Society publications, XXXIII.) Toronto, 1955.

The Elgin-Grey papers, 1846–1852. Edited with notes and appendices by Arthur George Doughty. (PAC publication.) 4 vols. Ottawa, 1937.

FENETY, GEORGE EDWARD. Political notes and observations; or, a glance at the leading measures that have been introduced and discussed in the House of Assembly of New Brunswick. . . . Fredericton, 1867.

FRANCHÈRE, GABRIEL. Journal of a voyage on the north west coast of North America during the years 1811, 1812, 1813 and 1814. Transcribed and translated by Wessie Tipping Lamp; edited with an introduction and notes by William Kaye Lamb. (Champlain Society publications, XLV.) Toronto, 1969.

Gentleman’s Magazine, London. Published from January 1731 to September 1907. Monthly. Title varies. Volume numbering irregular.

GREAT BRITAIN, PARLIAMENT, HOUSE OF COMMONS PAPER, 1857 (session ii) XV, 224, 260 (whole volume). Report from the select committee on the Hudson’s Bay Company; together with the proceedings of the committee, minutes of evidence, appendix and index.


The Hargrave correspondence, 1821–1843. Edited with introduction and notes by George Parkin de Twenebrokes Glazebrook. Champlain Society publications, XXIV.) Toronto, 1938.

HINCKS, FRANCIS. Reminiscences of his public life. Montreal, 1884.

[HOWE, JOSEPH.] The speeches and public letters of Joseph Howe (based upon Mr. Annand’s edition of 1858). Revised and edited by Joseph Andrew Chisholm. 2 vols. Halifax, 1909.

HUDSON’S BAY RECORD SOCIETY. Initiated in 1938 by the Hudson’s Bay Company after classification of its London archives (now in Winnipeg), which was begun in 1932, had progressed to the point where publication was feasible. Membership in the society is limited.


  General editor for vols. I–XXII, Edwin Ernest Rich; for vols.

XXIII–XXV, Kenneth Gordon Davies; for vols. XXVI–XXX, Glyndwr Williams. 30 vols. to date. Vols. I–XII were issued in association with the

Champlain Society, Toronto, and reprinted in 1968 at Nendeln, Liechtenstein.

I: [Simpson, George.] Journal of occurrences in the Athabasca Department by George Simpson, 1820 and 1821, and report. Edited by Edwin Ernest Rich, with an introduction by Chester [Bailey] Martin. Toronto, 1938.

II: [Robertson, Colin.] Colin Robertson’s correspondence book, September 1817 to September 1822. Edited with an introduction by Edwin Ernest Rich, assisted by R. Harvey Fleming. Toronto, 1939.

III: Minutes of Council, Northern Department of Rupert Land, 1821–31. Edited by R. Harvey Fleming, with an introduction by Harold Adams Innis. Toronto, 1940.

IV: [McLoughlin, John.] The letters of John McLoughlin from Fort Vancouver to the governor and committee, first series, 1825–38. Edited by Edwin Ernest Rich, with an introduction by William Kaye Lamb. London, 1941.

VI: [McLoughlin, John.]The letters of John McLoughlin from Fort Vancouver to the governor and committee, second series, 1839–44. Edited by Edwin Ernest Rich, with an introduction by William Kaye Lamb. London, 1943.

VII: [McLoughlin, John.] The letters of John McLoughlin from Fort Vancouver to the governor and committee, third series, 1844–46. Edited by Edwin Ernest Rich, with an introduction by William Kaye Lamb. London, 1944.

XIX: [Colvile, Eden.] London correspondence inward from Eden Colvile, 1849–1852. Edited by Edwin Ernest Rich, assisted by Alice Margaret Johnson, with an introduction by William Lewis Morton. London, 1956.

XXI–XXII: Rich, History of HBC. [See section iv.]

XXIV: Northern Quebec and Labrador journals and correspondence, 1819–35. Edited by Kenneth Gordon Davies, assisted by Alice Margaret Johnson, with an introduction by Glyndwr Williams. London, 1963.

XXVI: Saskatchewan journals and correspondence; Edmonton House, 1795–1800, Chesterfield House, 1800–1802. Edited with an introduction by Alice Margaret Johnson. London, 1967.

XXX: Hudson’s Bay miscellany, 1670–1870.

Edited with introductions by Glyndwr Williams. Winnipeg, 1975.

Journal de l’Instruction publique, Quebec and Montreal. Monthly. I (1857) – XXIII (1879).

Official publication of the Department of Public Instruction, published variously at Quebec and Montreal. It must not be confused with the Journal of Education for Lower Canada which is also an official publication of the same department. They were completely independent journals, and neither was a translation of the other.

Journal of Education for Ontario, Toronto. Monthly. I (January 1848) – XXX (1877). Official publication of the province’s Department of Education, it began as the Journal of Education for Upper Canada. Title changed in 1867.



Journals of the House of Assembly of Lower-Canada/Journaux de la chambre d’Assemblée du Bas-Canada, 1792–1837.


Journals of the Special Council of the province of Lower-Canada/Journaux du Conseil spécial de la province du Bas-Canada, 1838–41.

Ordinances made and passed by the administrator of the government and Special Council for the affairs of the province of Lower-Canada/Ordonnances faites et passées par son Excellence le gouverneur général et le Conseil spécial pour les affaires de la province du Bas-Canada, 1838–41.

The provincial statutes of Lower-Canada . . . /Status provinciaux du Bas-Canada . . . , 1792–1836.

[MACDONALD, JOHN ALEXANDER.] The letters of Sir John A. Macdonald, 1836–1857. Edited by James Keith Johnson. . . . 1858–1861. Edited by James Keith Johnson and Carole B. Stelmack. (PAC publications, The papers of the prime ministers series, I–II.) Ottawa, 1968–69.

[MACTAVISH, LETITIA.] The letters of Letitia Hargrave. Edited with an introduction and notes by Margaret Arnett MacLeod. (Champlain Society publications, XXVIII.) Toronto, 1947.

Mandements, lettres pastorales et circulaires des évêques de Québec.18 vols. to date. Québec, 1887–  . The first six volumes were edited by Henri Têtu and Charles-Octave Gagnon; no editors are given for later volumes. Volume numbering is peculiar: [Ire série], I–IV; nouvelle série [2e série], I–V; nouvelle série [3e série], I–III; a second set of cumula­

tive volume numbers begins with vol. V of the nouvelle série [2e série].

MORRIS, ALEXANDER. The treaties of Canada with the Indians of Manitoba arid the North-west Territories. . . . Toronto, 1880; reprinted [n.p., 1971].

Muskoka and Haliburton, 1615–1875; a collection of documents. Edited with an introduction by Florence Beatrice Murray. (Champlain Society publications, Ontario series, VI.) Toronto, 1963.


Journals of the House of Assembly of the province of New Brunswick . . . , used for 1823–68.

NEWFOUNDLAND Blue books, used for 1828–58.


Journal of the House of Assembly of Newfoundland . . . , used for1833–68.


The Statutes of Nova Scotia, passed in the . . . session of the General Assembly. . . . First called Acts of the General Assembly of the province of Nova Scotia. Used for 1845–68.


Debates and proceedings of the House of Assembly . . . of the province of Nova Scotia, used for 1848–67.

Journal and proceedings of the House of Assembly of the province of Nova Scotia, used for 1824–70.


Journal of the proceedings of Her Majesty’s Legislative Council of the province of Nova Scotia, used for 1848–51.


Journals of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario . . . , used for 1868–69.

Statutes of the province of Ontario . . . , used for 1869.

The papers of the Palliser expedition, 1857–1860. Edited with an introduction and notes by Irene Mary Spry. (Champlain Society publications, XLIV.) Toronto, 1968.

“Parliamentary debates.” Canadian Library Association project to microfilm the debates in the legislature of the Province of Canada and

the parliament of Canada for the period 1846–74.



Debates and proceedings of the House of Assembly of Prince Edward Island, used for 1855–68.

Journal of the House of Assembly of Prince Edward Island, used for 1830–64.


Debates and proceedings of the Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island, used for 1859–63.

Debates and proceedings of the Legislative Council of the province of Prince Edward Island, used for 1879.

Journal of the Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island, used for 1839–63.



Documents relating to constitutional history,

1791–1818 (Doughty and McArthur).

Documents relating to constitutional history,

1819–28 (Doughty and Story).


9: Canadian North-West (Oliver).

OTHER PUBLICATIONS [See also section III.]

Elgin-Grey papers. (Doughty).


I: Macdonald, Letters (Johnson).

II: Macdonald, Letters (Johnson and Stelmack).

Report and Rapport. 1881–  . Published annually until 1952; irregularly thereafter.



Journals of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Quebec/Journaux de l’Assemblée législative de la province de Québec, used for 1867–68 to 1870.


Journals of the Legislative Council of the Province of Quebec/Journaux du Conseil législatif de la province de Québec, used for 1868 to 1870.


For a complete critical bibliography of the publications of the Quebec government, see section III: Répertoire des publ. du Québec (Beaulieu et al.).


LANGELIER, List of lands granted. [See sec-

  tion III.]



SCADDING, HENRY. Toronto of old: collections and recollections illustrative of the early settlement and social life of the capital of Ontario. Toronto, 1873. Republished as Toronto of old. Abridged and edited by Frederick Henry Armstrong. Toronto, 1966.

Select British documents of the Canadian War of 1812. Edited with an introduction by William [Charles Henry] Wood. (Champlain Society publications, XIII–XV, XVII) 3 vols. in 4. Toronto, 1920–28.

Le séminaire de Québec: documents et biographies. Honorius Provost, éditeur. (ASQ publications, II.) Québec, 1964.

THOMPSON, DAVID. David Thompson’s narrative of his explorations in Western America, 1784–1812. Edited by Joseph Burr Tyrrell. (Champlain Society publications, XII.) Toronto, 1916; new edition entitled David Thompson’s narrative, 1784–1812, edited with an introduction and notes by Richard [Gilchrist] Glover. (Champlain Society publications, XL.) Toronto, 1962.

The town of York, 1793–1815: a collection of documents of early Toronto. Edited with an introduction by Edith Grace Firth. (Champlain Society publications, Ontario series, V.) Toronto, 1962.

The town of York, 1815–1834: a further collection of documents of early Toronto. Edited with an introduction by Edith Grace Firth. (Champlain Society publications, Ontario series, VIII.) Toronto, 1966.


Journal of the House of Assembly of Upper

Canada . . . , used for 1820–40.

The valley of the Trent. Edited with an introduction and notes by Edwin Clarence Guillet. (Champlain Society publications, Ontario series, I.) Toronto, 1957.


Numerous sources have been used to determine the various

titles of newspapers and their dates of publication. The printed

sources include, for all areas of the country: Canadian Library

Association, Canadian newspapers on microfilm,

catalogue (2 pts. in 3, Ottawa, 1959–  ); for New Brunswick: J. R. Harper, Historical directory of New Brunswick newspapers and periodicals (Fredericton, 1961); for Newfoundland: “Chronological list of Newfoundland newspapers in the public collections at the Gosling Memorial Library and Provincial Archives,” comp. Ian McDonald (copy deposited in the Reference Library, Arts and Culture Centre, St John’s); for Nova Scotia: D. C. Harvey, “Newspapers of Nova Scotia, 1840–1867,” CHR, XXVI(1945), 279–301; G. E. N. Tratt, “A survey and listing of Nova Scotian newspapers with particular reference to the period before 1867” (unpublished ma thesis, Mount Allison University, Sackville, N.B., 1957 (copy in PANS)); for Ontario: Catalogue of Canadian newspapers in the Douglas Library, Queen’s University, comp. L. C. Ellison et al. (Kingston, 1969); Early Toronto newspapers, 1793–1867: a catalogue of newspapers published in the town of York and the city of Toronto from the beginning to confederation, ed. E. G. Firth (Toronto, 1961); W. S. Wallace, “The periodical literature of Upper Canada,” CHR,XII(1931), 4–22; for Prince Edward Island: W. L. Cotton, “The press in Prince Edward Island,” Past and present of Prince Edward Island . . . , ed. D. A. MacKinnon and A. B. Warburton (Charlottetown, [1906]), 112–21; R. L. Cotton, “Early press,” Historic highlights of Prince Edward Island, ed. M. C. Brehaut (Charlottetown, 1955), 40––45; for Quebec: Beaulieu et Hamelin, Journaux du Québec and La presse québécoise; and for Manitoba: J. W. Dafoe, “Early Winnipeg Newspapers,” HSSM Papers, 3rd ser., no.3 (1947), 14–24.

Acadian Recorder, Halifax. Published from 16 Jan. 1813 until 10 May 1930. The paper was a weekly from 1813 until 27 Aug. 1863, a tri-weekly from 5 Sept. 1863 until 1930, and a daily from 1868 until 1930.

L’Aurore des Canadas, Montréal. Published from 15 Jan. 1839 to 23 March 1849.

L’Avenir, Montréal. Published from 24 June 1847 to 22 Dec. 1857.

British Colonist, Halifax. Its full title initially was British Colonist: A Literary, Political and Commercial Journal. Published from 25 July 1848 until 31 Dec. 1874 as a tri-weekly; a weekly was added in January 1849 and a daily edition later. From 11 Sept. 1851 until January 1855, the title was British Colonist anal North American Railway Journal.

British Colonist, Victoria. See Colonist

British Whig, Kingston, Ont. Published from January 1834 to 30 Nov. 1926.Its full title was

the British Whig and General Advertiser for Canada West, and it was published semiweekly from 1834 to 1849. On 1 Jan. 1849 it became the Daily British Whig, but the semiweekly continued to 1908.

Canadian Free Press, London, Ont. See London Free Press

Le Canadien, Québec. Published from 22 Nov. 1806 to 11 Feb. 1893.

Christian Guardian, Toronto. Published as a weekly at York (Toronto) from 21 Nov. 1829 until 10 June 1925 when it was superseded by the New Outlook which ceased publication on 24 Feb. 1939 to be succeeded by the United Church Observer on 1 March. A general index of the Christian Guardian for the years 1829–67 is available at the United Church Archives, Toronto. A selective index of church news and general historical information is in progress for the period after 1867 and some ten selected years have been completed.

Chronicle & Gazette, Kingston, Ont. Published from 1833 to 1847 as a semi-weekly. Its full name was Chronicle & Gazette and Kingston Commercial Advertiser in 1840 when the subtitle was dropped. The newspaper’s predecessors were the Kingston Gazette (1810–18) and the Kingston Chronicle (1819–33), and it was continued after 1847 as the Chronicle and News.

Chronicle and News, Kingston, Ont. See Chronicle & Gazette; Daily News

Chronicle Telegraph. See Quebec Chronicle Telegraph

Church, Cobourg, Toronto, and Hamilton, Ont. Published as a weekly from 6 May 1837 to 25 July 1856. Began publication in Cobourg, then moved to Toronto from 11 July 1840 to 14 July 1843 when it returned to Cobourg only to move again to Toronto on 17 July 1846. Between 5 Aug. 1852 and 16 June 1853 the title was the Canadian Churchman. Between 3 Aug. 1855 and 25 July 1856 the Church was published in Hamilton.

Colonial Advocate, York (Toronto). A weekly, published from 1824 to 1834. Founded at Queenston on 18 May 1824 it moved to York in November. In December 1833 it became the Advocate and it amalgamated with the Canadian Correspondent to form the Correspondent and Advocate in 1834.

Colonist, Victoria. Published under various titles from 11 Dec. 1858 to the present. Until 28 July 1860 the full name was the British Colonist; from 31 July 1860 to 23 June 1866, the Daily British Colonist; from 25 June 1866 to 31 Dec. 1886, the Daily British Colonist and Victoria

Chronicle; and from 1 Jan. 1887 to the present, the Daily Colonist. The paper began as a weekly, then on 16 May 1859 a tri-weekly issue was begun. The weekly continued to 1888 as the Weekly British Colonist. The paper published five issues per week beginning on 31 July 1860, and after 16 Feb. 1861 became a full-scale daily.

Correspondent and Advocate, Toronto. See Colonial Advocate

Courier, St John’s. Began publication as a semiweekly in 1844 under the title Morning Courier and General Advertiser. In 1856 it became the Courier and it ceased publication in 1878.

Le Courrier de Saint-Hyacinthe, Saint-Hyacinthe, Qué. Began publication on 24 Feb. 1853.

Le Courrier du Canada, Québec. Published from 2 Feb. 1857 to 11 April 1901.

Daily Advertiser, London, Ont. A daily, begun 27 Oct. 1863 as the London Evening Advertiser and Family Newspaper, its name changed to the London Evening Advertiser on 23 May 1865 and to Daily Advertiser in the spring of 1869. On 4 Dec. 1880 its name became the London Advertiser. The Weekly Advertiser was begun in 1864, and its name had changed to Western Advertiser by 1873; in 1875 it combined with the Weekly Liberal (Toronto) to become the Western Advertiser & Weekly Liberal (London and Toronto), but by 1884 the title was again Western Advertiser.

Daily British Colonist, Victoria. See Colonist

Daily British Colonist and Victoria Chronicle. See Colonist

Daily British Whig, Kingston, Ont. See British Whig

Daily Colonist, Victoria. See Colonist

Daily Evening Mercury, Quebec. See Quebec Daily Mercury

Daily Morning News, Saint John, N.B. See Morning News

Daily News, Kingston, Ont. Published from 1851 to 1908, it sometimes appears as the Kingston Daily News and the Kingston News. It was the daily edition of the Chronicle and News, established in 1847 and published until the 1890s.

Daily Spectator, Hamilton, Ont. See Hamilton Spectator

Daily Telegraph, Saint John, N. B. See Telegraph

L’Écho du cabinet de lecture paroissial, Montréal. Published from 1 Jan. 1859 to 1875.

Evening Express, Halifax. A tri-weekly published from 1858 to 1876. Its full title was the Evening Express and Commercial Record.

Examiner, Charlottetown. Published from 7 Aug. 1847 until 1919 or 1920 when it was absorbed by

the Guardian (Charlottetown). The Examiner was a weekly from 1847 until May 1877 when it became a daily only. A few months later the weekly edition was revived and both editions continued.

Examiner, Toronto. Published as a weekly from 3 July 1838 until 29 Aug. 1855 when it merged with the Globe.

Farmer’s Advocate and Townships Gazette, Sherbrooke, Que. See Sherbrooke Gazette

Farmers’ & Mechanics’ Journal and St. Francis Gazette, Sherbrooke, Que. See Sherbrooke Gazette

Gazette, Montreal. Began publication on 3 June 1778.

La Gazette de Montréal. See Gazette

La Gazette de Québec. See Quebec Gazette

La Gazette du commerce et littéraire, pour la ville et district de Montréal. See Gazette

La Gazette littéraire pour la ville et district de Montréal. See Gazette

Gleaner, Chatham, N.B. Published from 1829 to 1880, it superseded the Miramichi Mercury which was founded in 1826. Its full title was the Gleaner and Northumberland Schediasma.

Globe, Toronto. Began as a weekly on 5 March 1844, became a semi-weekly 4 Nov. 1846, a tri-weekly 3 July 1849, and a daily 1 Oct. 1853. A second weekly series began 6 July 1849 and continued to 28 Jan. 1914; its title changed to Weekly Globe and Canadian Farmer on 5 Jan. 1877. A second semi-weekly series was Published from 19 Oct. 1853 to 2 July 1855 when it became a tri-weekly which lasted until 1864. There was a second daily, the Evening Globe, from 19 Dec. 1861 to 20 July 1908. The Western Globe, published weekly in Toronto but issued from London, lasted from 16 Oct. 1845 until at least 1851. Title became the Globe and Mail when it merged with the Daily Mail and Empire (Toronto) on 23 Nov. 1936 and publication continued under this title in 1976.

Halifax Journal. Began publication on 5 Jan. 1781 as a weekly. In April 1854 it became a tri-weekly and the name was changed to Morning Journal. In June 1856 it was renamed the Morning Journal and Commercial Advertiser, and on 16 Jan. 1865 the Unionist and Halifax Journal.

Hamilton Spectator, Hamilton, Ont. Began publication on 15 July 1846 as a semi-weekly named the Spectator and Journal of Commerce. It was published as a weekly and a daily at different periods.

Head Quarters, Fredericton. A weekly, published from 1842(?) to 1875(?). Title varies. Its full title in 1844 was The head Quarters, or

Literary, Commercial and Agricultural Journal.

Herald, Montreal. Published from 19 Oct. 1811 to 18 Oct. 1957.

Islander, Charlottetown. Its full title was the Islander, or Prince Edward Weekly Intelligencer and Advertiser until 21 Jan. 1853 when it became the Islander, or Prince Edward Island Weekly Intelligencer and Advertiser. It was published from 2 Dec. 1842 until 1874 as a weekly. A new owner changed its title in 1872 to Prince Edward Islander: A Weekly Newspaper of General Intelligence. It was absorbed by the Patriot in 1874.

Le Journal de Québec, Québec. Published from 1 Dec. 1842 to 1 Oct. 1889.

Le Journal des Trois-Rivières. Published from 19 May 1865 to 19 March 1891. The less significant Journal des Trois-Rivières was published from 29 Aug. 1847 to 31 Dec. 1853.

Kingston Chronicle, Kingston, Ont. See Chronicle & Gazette

Kingston Gazette, Kingston, Ont. See Chronicle & Gazette

Leader, Toronto. Began publication as a semiweekly on 1 July 1852 and as a weekly on 7 July. A daily edition was added on I 1 July 1853. The semi-weekly ceased publication in 1864 but the daily and weekly editions continued to 1878.

London Advertiser, London, Ont. See Daily Advertiser

London Evening Advertiser, London, Ont. See Daily Advertiser

London Free Press, London, Ont. Began publication as a weekly on 2 Jan. 1849 as the Canadian Free Press. A daily edition, the London Free Press and Daily Western Advertiser, began on 5 May 1855 and, except for a brief interruption in the late 1850s, continued in 1976. The Canadian Free Press continued as a weekly, probably until 6 March 1868.

Mélanges religieux, Montréal. Published from 14 Dec. 1840 to 6 July 1852.

La Minerve, Montréal. Published from 9 Nov. 1826 to 27 May 1899.

Montreal Daily Herald. See Herald

Montreal Daily Transcript. See Montreal Transcript

Montreal Gazette. See Gazette

Morning Chronicle, Halifax. Published under various titles from 24 Jan. 1844 to the present. It began as a tri-weekly, then expanded in 1877 to a daily; it was also printed as a weekly from 1844 until 1912. The name changed to the Halifax Chronicle on 22 Jan. 1927; on 1 Jan. 1949 the paper merged with the Herald and its

name became the Halifax Chronicle-Herald, which was shortened to the Chronicle-Herald on 26 Dec. 1959.

Morning Chronicle, Quebec. See Quebec Chronicle Telegraph

Morning Courier and General Advertiser, St John’s. See Courier

Morning Freeman, Saint John, N.B. This paper began in 1849 as a weekly under the title St. John Weekly Freeman. The Morning Freeman was added in 1851 as a tri-weekly and lasted until 1878. The weekly continued until the year 1884.

Morning Journal, Halifax. See Halifax Journal

Morning News, Saint John, N. B. Published from 1839 until 1884 under a great variety of titles beginning with Commercial News and General Advertiser. At different times the paper was a weekly, a tri-weekly, and a daily. Used in this volume were the Morning News and the Daily Morning News.

Morning Telegraph, Saint John, N.B. See Telegraph

New Brunswick Courier, Saint John, N.B. A weekly, it began publication on 2 May 1811 and continued to 1865. The tri-weekly Morning Courier (St. John Morning Courier) was published briefly in 1855–56.

Newfoundlander, St. John’s. Published from 1806 until 1884 although issues are only available from 1827. The paper was a weekly, then a semi-weekly.

Newfoundland Mercantile Journal, St John’s. A weekly, published from 1816 to 1827.

Newfoundland Patriot, St John’s. See Patriot

Nor’Wester, Winnipeg. The first newspaper published in the Red River Settlement, it was founded “in opposition to the existing order.” It was published from 28 Dec. 1859 to 24 Nov. 1869.

Novascotian, Halifax. A weekly, published under various titles from 1824 until 1925. From 1824 until 1892 the full name was Novascotian and Colonial Herald, then in 1892 it became the Nova Scotian and Weekly Chronicle which lasted until 13 Oct. 1922. At that time the format changed and it became the Nova Scotian: Nova Scotia’s Farm and Home Journal until it ceased publication.

Nova Scotia Royal Gazette, Halifax. See Royal Gazette

L’Opinion publique, Montréal. Published from I Jan. 1870 to 27 Dec. 1883.

Patriot, Charlottetown. Published from 8 July 1865 until the present. The Patriot began as a weekly and became a semi-weekly in 1867; in mid-1874 it reverted to being a weekly and in

1875 began also to feature a semi-weekly. Later it became a daily. This paper is sometimes said to have begun publication on 5 July 1859 because it was numbered consecutively from the Protestant and Evangelical Witness [q.v.]. For various reasons, including religious affiliation and financial support, it is not strictly correct to assume that the Patriot was a continuation of the Protestant.

Patriot, Kingston and Toronto. Began publication as a weekly in Kingston in 1828 as the Patriot and Farmer’s Monitor. Moved to York (Toronto) on 7 Dec. 1832. A semi-weekly edition began in November 1833 and continued to April 1852; in March 1834 the title was changed to the Patriot, and in 1839 to the Toronto Patriot. In April 1850 a daily edition was added, entitled the Toronto Daily Patriot and Express; it continued to 1855 and was absorbed, for a time, by the Leader (Toronto). The weekly ceased publication in 1878.

Patriot, St John’s. Published from 1834 to 1878 as a weekly, although issues are available only from 1854. In 1842 the name was changed from the Newfoundland Patriot to the Patriot & Terra Nova Herald; in 1877 it became the Patriot and Catholic Herald for four issues only. In 1878 it was the Patriot and Terra Nova Advocate.

Le Pays, Montréal. Published from 15 Jan. 1852 to 26 Dec. 1871.

Pilot, Montreal. Published from 5 March 1844 to 25 March 1862.

Pilot and Evening Journal of Commerce, Montreal. See Pilot

Pilot and Journal of Commerce, Montreal. See Pilot

Presbyterian Witness, Halifax and Toronto. A weekly, it was published from 1848 to 1925. Its full title until the end of 1897 was Presbyterian Witness and Evangelical Advocate. In 1920 it superseded the Presbyterian and Westminster of Toronto and moved to that city; it was published in London for a few months in 1921. In 1925 it united with the Canadian Congregationalist and the Christian Guardian [q.v.] to form the New Outlook.

Protestant and Evangelical Witness, Charlottetown. Published from 5 July 1859 until 1 July 1865. See also Patriot

Public Ledger, St John’s. Published from 1820 to 1882 first as a semi-weekly, then as a tri-weekly, and finally as a daily. Its full title was the Public Ledger and Newfoundland General Advertiser.

Quebec Chronicle. See Quebec Chronicle Telegraph

Quebec Chronicle and Quebec Gazette. See Quebec Chronicle Telegraph

Quebec Chronicle Telegraph, Québec. Began publication on 18 May 1847.

Quebec Daily Evening Mercury. See Quebec Daily Mercury

Quebec Daily Mercury, Quebec. Published from 5 Jan. 1805 to 17 Oct. 1903.

Quebec Gazette, Quebec. Published from 21 June 1764 to 30 Oct. 1874.

Quebec Mercury. See Quebec Daily Mercury

Quebec Morning Chronicle. See Quebec Chronicle Telegraph

Royal Gazette, Charlottetown. Published from 1791 to the present. This paper began as a semi-monthly entitled Royal Gazette, and Miscellany of the Island of Saint John published by the king’s or queen’s printer. Subsequently it became a weekly.

Royal Gazette, Halifax. A weekly, it began publication as the Halifax Gazette on 23 March 1752, and after several changes in title it became the Nova Scotia Royal Gazette in 1801. On 16 Feb. 1843 its title changed to the Royal Gazette, its present name.

Royal Gazette, St John’s. Published as a weekly from 1807 to 1924, although issues are available only from 1810. Its full title was the Royal Gazette and Newfoundland Advertiser. In 1926 the paper became the Newfoundland Gazette which continues to the present.

St. Francis Courier and Sherbrooke Gazette, Sherbrooke, Que. See Sherbrooke Gazette

St. John Daily Telegraph and Morning Journal. See Telegraph

St. John Morning Telegraph. See Telegraph

Le Sauvage. See L’Avenir

Sherbrooke Gazette, Sherbrooke, Que. Published from 1831 to 1908.

Sherbrooke Gazette and Eastern Townships Advertiser, Sherbrooke, Que. See Sherbrooke Gazette

Sherbrooke Gazette and Townships Advertiser, Sherbrooke, Que. See Sherbrooke Gazette

Spectator and Journal of Commerce, Hamilton, Ont. See Hamilton Spectator

Telegraph, Saint John, N. B. This paper, begun as the Weekly Telegraph, was published from 27 Sept. 1862 until July 1923, when it became the Telegraph-Journal which still exists as a daily. It was published at various times as a weekly, a semi-weekly, and a daily under a great many titles. The titles appearing in this volume include the Morning Telegraph, St. John Morning Telegraph, St. John Daily Telegraph and Morning Journal, Daily Telegraph, and Telegraph-Journal.

Telegraph-Journal, Saint John, N.B. See Telegraph

Times and General Commercial Gazette, St John’s. Published from 29 Aug. 1832 until 23

March 1895 mainly as a semi-weekly but at times as a weekly.

Toronto Patriot. See Patriot

Weekly Globe, Toronto. See Globe


ALLAIRE, JEAN-BAPTISTE-ARTHUR. Dictionnaire biographique du clergé canadien français. 6 vols. Montréal et Saint-Hyacinthe,

Qué., 1908–34.

[I]: Les anciens. Montréal, 1910.

  [II]: Les contemporains. Saint-Hyacinthe, 1908.

 [III]: Premier supplément. Montréal, 1910.

 [IV]: Le clergé canadien français; revue

  mensuelle (Montréal), I (1919). Only one issue of this journal was published.

[V]: Compléments, I. Montréal, 1928.

 [VI]: [untitled.] Saint-Hyacinthe, 1934.

ALMANACS. Because titles within series vary and

publishers or editors often change, the almanacs most frequently used in the preparation of volume IX have been listed below under a general title. The information in square brackets is given as a guide and may not be completely accurate.

Belcher’s farmer’s almanack . . . , [1824–1930] . Halifax. Edited by Clement Horton Belcher from 1824 to 1870 when it was taken over by the firm of McAlpine and Barnes; it was later issued by the McAlpine Publishing Company. The issues for 1824 to 1831 were titled The farmer’s almanack . . . ; in 1832 it became Belcher’s farmer’s almanack . . . , a title it retained with minor variations until its disappearance.

Montreal almanack, [1829–72]. Published by Robert Armour, 1829–31; H. C. McLeod, 1839–42; Starke’s, 1867–72. Its title varies: Montreal almanack or Lower Canada register . . . , 1829–31; Montreal almanack . . . , 1833–72.

The Montreal pocket almanack . . . , [1842–91] . Published by Jos. Starke and Company, 1842–79; J. Theo. Robinson, 1880–91. Title varies: The Montreal pocket almanack, and general register . . . , 1842–54, 1856; The Montreal pocket almanack . . . , 1855, 1857, 1859; Starke’s pocket almanac and general register . . . , 1858, 1860, 1861, 1864–72, 1880–91; Starke’s pocket almanack . . . , 1862–63; Starke’s pocket almanac, advertiser and general register . . . , 1873–79.

New-Brunswick almanac. . . . Saint John, N. B. Published from at least 1825 by Henry Chubb and Company. In 1828 its title was An almanack . . . , but by 1832 it had become The New-Brunswick almanack. . . . In 1849 it became The New-Brunswick almanac, and register . . . prepared by the Fredericton Athenæum. Issues for the period 1825–66 were used in the preparation of volume IX.

The Quebec almanac . . . / Almanach de Québec . . . , [published from 1780 to 1841, except for 1781, 1790, and 1793]. Publishers included: Guillaume Brown, 1788; Samuel Neilson, 1791; John Neilson, 1794–1823; Neilson and Cowan, 1824–36; S. Neilson, 1837; W. Neilson, 1838–41. Its title varies: Almanach de Québec . . . , 1780–91; Almanac de Québec . . . , 1794–96; Almanac de Québec . . . / The Quebec almanac . . . , 1797–98; Almanach de Québec . . . / The Quebec almanac . . . ,1799–1802; Almanach de Québec, et état civil et militaire de l’Amérique-britannique . . . / The Quebec almanac, and British American royal kalendar . . . ,1803–12; The Quebec almanac, and British American royal kalendar . . . , 1813–41.

Quebec pocket almanac and general register

. . . , [1849–53]. Published by Gilbert Stanley, 1849–53.

An alphabetical list of the merchants, traders,

and housekeepers, residing in Montreal; to which is prefixed, a descriptive sketch of the town. Compiled by Thomas Doige. Montreal, 1819.


P.–G. Roy, Inv. concessions.

 —— Les juges de la prov. de Québec.


Upper Canadian chronology and territorial legislation. London, Ont., 1967.

AUDET, FRANCIS-JOSEPH. Les députés de la région des

Trois-Rivières (1841–1867). (Pages Trifluviennes, sér. A, 13.) Trois-Rivières, 1934.

 —— Les députés de Montréal (ville et comtés),

1792–1867. Montréal, 1943.

—— Les députés de Saint-Maurice (1808–1838)

et de Champlain (1830–1838). (Pages

Trifluviennes, sér. A, 12.) Trois-Rivières, 1934.

—— Les députés des Trois-Rivières (1808–1838).

  (Pages Trifluviennes, sér. A, 11.) Trois-Rivières, 1934.

AUDET, FRANCIS-JOSEPH, et ÉDOUARD FABRE SURVEYER. Les députés de Saint-Maurice et de Buckinghamshire, 1792–1808. (Pages Trifluviennes, sér. A, 9a.) Trois-Rivières, 1934.

Australian dictionary of biography. General editor, Douglas Pike. 5 vols. to date. Melbourne, 1966–  . In progress.

BEAULIEU, ANDRÉ, et al. Guide d’histoire du Canada. (Les cahiers de l’Institut d’histoire, 13.) Québec, 1969.

BEAULIEU, ANDRÉ, et JEAN HAMELIN. La presse québécoise des origines à nos jours. 2 vols. to date. Québec, 1973–  . In progress.

  I: 1764–1859. 1973 .

  II: 1860–1879. 1975.

—— Les journaux du Québec de 1764 à 1964.

(Les cahiers de l’Institut d’histoire, 6.) Québec et Paris, 1965.

BEAULIEU, ANDRÉ, et WILLIAM FELIX EDMUND MORLEY. La province de Québec. (Histoires locales et régionales canadiennes des origines à 1950, William Felix Edmund Morley, éditeur, II.) Toronto et Buffalo, N.Y., 1971.

Belcher’s farmer’s almanack. See ALMANACS

BIBAUD, [FRANÇOIS-MARIE-UNCAS-]MAXIMILIEN. Le panthéon canadien; choix de biographies, dans lequel on a introduit les hommes les plus célèbres des autres colonies britanniques. Montréal, 1858; 2e édition, 1891.

A bibliography of Canadiana, being items in the Public Library of Toronto, Canada, relating to the early history and development of Canada. Edited by Frances Maria Staton and Marie Tremaine, with an introduction by George Herbert Locke. Toronto, 1934; reprinted, 1965. A bibliography of Canadiana: first supplement. . . . Edited by Gertrude Mabel Boyle, assisted by Marjorie Colbeck. Toronto, 1959; reprinted, 1969.

A bibliography of the Prairie provinces to 1953 with biographical index. Compiled by Bruce Braden Peel. Toronto, 1956. . . . supplement. Compiled by Bruce Braden Peel. Toronto, 1963. 2nd edition, Toronto and Buffalo, N.Y., 1973.

BISHOP, OLGA BERNICE. Publications of the government of the Province of Canada, 1841–1867. (National Library of Canada publication.) Ottawa, 1963.

—— Publications of the governments of Nova Scotia, Prince

  Edward Island, New Brunswick, 1758–1952. (National Library of

  Canada publication.) Ottawa, 1957.

BOASE, FREDERIC. Modern English biography . . . with an index of the most interesting matter. 3 vols. and 3 supplements. Privately printed in England, 1892–1921; reprinted [London], 1965. Contains memoirs of persons who died between 1851 and 1900.

BOIVIN, AURÉLIEN. Le conte littéraire québécois au XIXe siècle; essai de bibliographie critique et analytique. Montréal, 1975.

BORTHWICK, JOHN DOUGLAS. History and biographical gazetteer of Montreal to the year 1892. Montreal, 1892.

—— Montreal, its history, to which is added biographical sketches,

with photographs, of many of its principal citizens.

Montreal, 1875.

British Museum general catalogue of printed books. (Photolithographic edition to 1955.) 263 vols. London, 1961–66.

BURKE, JOHN. A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerage and baronetage of the United Kingdom. London, 1826. 105th edition, revised and enlarged. Edited by Peter Townend, 1970.

Canada, an encyclopædia of the country: the Canadian dominion considered in its historic relations, its natural resources, its material progress, and its national development. Edited by John Castell Hopkins. 6 vols. Toronto, 1898–1900. Also, Index topical and personal to “Canada, an encyclopædia of the country. . . .” Toronto and London, 1900.

Canada directory. See DIRECTORIES.

The Canadian biographical dictionary and portrait gallery of eminent and self-made men. 2 vols. Toronto, 1880–81.

The Canadian directory of parliament, 1867–1967. Edited by James Keith Johnson. (PAC publication.) Ottawa, 1968.

The Canadian parliamentary companion. Published in Quebec, 1862 and 1863, in Montreal from 1864 to 1874, and in Ottawa from 1875. Appeared irregularly from 1862, then annually from 1871. Became the Canadian parliamentary guide . . . early in the 20th century. Editor during the period of vol. IX of the DCB was Henry James Morgan.

CANADIAN RELIGIOUS CONFERENCE. Abridged guide to the archives of religious communities in Canada. Ottawa, 1974.

CARON-HOULE, FRANÇOISE. Guide des rapports des Archives publiques du Canada, 1872–1972. (PAC publication.) Ottawa, 1975.

Catalogue of pamphlets in the Public Archives of Canada.

  [1493–1931]Compiled by Magdalen Casey. (PAC publications, 13.)

  2 vols. Ottawa, 1931–32.

CENTRE D’ÉTUDES ACADIENNES, UNIVERSITÉ DE MONCTON. Inventaire général des sources documentaires sur les Acadiens.1 vol. paru. Moncton, 1975–

CHADWICK, EDWARD MARION. Ontarian families; genealogies of United-Empire-Loyalist and other pioneer families of Upper Canada.2 Toronto,vols. in 1. 1894; reprinted with an introduction by WilliamFelix Edmund Morley, Belleville, Ont., 1972. Another edition, 2 vols., Toronto, 1895–98; reprinted Lambertville, N.J., 1970.

Commemorative biographical record of the county of York, Ontario; containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and many of the early settled families.Toronto, 1907.

CORNISH, GEORGE HENRY. Cyclopœdia of Methodism in Canada, containing historical, educational, and statistical information. . . . 2 vols.Toronto and Halifax, 1881–1903.

A cyclopœdia of Canadian biography, being chiefly men of the time. . . . Edited by George MacLean Rose.(Rose’s national biographical series,I–11.) 2 vols. Toronto, 1886–88.

DECHÊNE, LOUISE. “Inventaire des documents relatifs à l’histoire du Canada conservés dans les archives de la Compagnie de Saint-Sulpice àParis,” ANQ Rapport, 1969, 147–288.

DENT, JOHN CHARLES. The Canadian portrait gallery.4 vols. Toronto,1880–81.

DESJARDINS, JOSEPH. Guide parlementaire historique de la province de Québec, 1792 à 1902.Québec, 1902.

Dictionary of American biography[to 1928]. Edited by Allen Johnson andDumas Malone. 20 vols. and index. New York, 1928–37.3 supplements [to 1945].New York, 1944–[73]. New edition, 22 vols. in 11. New York,[1959]. Concise DAB. New York, 1964. In progress.

Dictionary of national biography[to 1900]. Edited by Leslie Stephen andSidney Lee. 63 vols.; supplement, 3 vols.; index and epitome. London, 1885–1903. 6 supplements [to 1960]. London, 1912–71. Concise DNB.2vols. London, 1952–61. Corrections and additions to the “Dictionary of national biography”. . . . (University of London, Institute of Historical Research publication.) Boston, Mass., 1966.

DIRECTORIES. Issued originally on an individual basis, these publications became regular, usually annual, in the 19th century. Because titles

  within series vary greatly and editors or compilers frequently changed,

  the directories most often used in the preparation of volume IX have

  been listed below by region and under a general title. The information

  in square brackets is given as a guide and may not be completely


Canada directory, [1851–66].Used in volume IX were: The Canada directory . . . , ed. R. W. S. Mackay (Montreal, 1851); The Canada directory for 1857–58 . . . (Montreal, [1857]); Mitchell’s Canada gazetteer and business directory for 1864–65(Toronto, 1864); Mitchell & Co.’s Canada classified directory for 1865–66(Toronto, [1865]).

Montreal directory,[1842 to 1870 (last volume used in the preparation ofvolume IX)]. Montreal. Edited by Robert Walter Stuart Mackay, 1842–55; Mrs R. W. S. Mackay, 1856–63; John Lovell, 1863–[93] . Its title varies: The Montreal directory . . . , 1842 to 1855–56; Mackay’s Montreal directory, 1856–70.

Quebec directory, [1844 to 1870 (last issue used in the preparation ofvolume IX)]. Quebec. Edited by Alfred Hawkins, 1844–48; Robert Walter Stuart Mackay, 1848–52; Samuel McLaughlin, 1854–58;Georges –Hippolyte Cherrier, 1858–72. Its title varies: Quebec directory and stranger’s guide to the city . . . , 1844–45; The Quebec directory and city and commercial register . . . , 1847–48, which wasin fact published at Montreal; Mackay’s Quebec directory . . . , 1848–49; Quebec business directory . . . , 1850–54; McLaughlin’s Quebec directory . . . , 1855–58; The Quebec directory . . . , 1858–71.

Toronto directory. The following issues are cited in volume IX: York commercial directory, street guide, and register, 1833–4 . . . , comp.George Walton (York [Toronto], [1833]); The city of Toronto and the Home District commercial directory and register with almanack and calendar for 1837 . . . , comp. George Walton (Toronto, [1837]); The Toronto directory and street guide, for 1843–4,comp. Francis Lewis(Toronto, 1843); Brown’s Toronto City and Home District directory, 1846–7 . . . (Toronto, 1846); Rowsell’s city of Toronto and county of York directory, for 1850–51 . . . , ed.J. Armstrong (Toronto, 1850); Brown’s Toronto general directory, 1856 . . . (Toronto, [1856]),also issued for 1861; Caverhill’s Toronto city directory, for 1859–60 . . . , comp.W. C. F. Caverhill (Toronto, [1859]); Hutchinson’s Toronto directory, 1862–63 . . . , comp.

Thomas Hutchinson (Toronto, n.d.); Mitchell’s Toronto directory, for 1864–5 . . . (Toronto, 1864); City of Toronto illustrated business directory for 1865 . . . (Toronto, 1865); Mitchell & Co.’s general directory for the city of Toronto, and gazetteer of the counties of York and Peel, for 1866 (Toronto, 1866).

A directory of the members of the Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia, 1758–1958. With an introduction by Charles Bruce Fergusson. (PANS publications, Nova Scotia series, II.) Halifax, 1958.

Early Toronto newspapers, 1793–1867: a catalogue of newspapers published in the town of York and the city of Toronto from the beginning to confederation. Edited by Edith Grace Firth, with an introduction by Henry Cummings Campbell. Toronto, 1961.

Encyclopædia Britannica.23 vols. Index and atlas in 1 vol. Chicago, 1966.

Encyclopedia Canadiana. John Everett Robbins, editor-in-chief. 10 vols. Ottawa, 1957–58; revised edition, 1966.

FAUTEUX, ÆGIDIUS. Patriotes de 1837–1838. Montréal, 1950.

GREAT BRITAIN, ADMIRALTY. The commissioned sea officers of the Royal Navy, 1660–1815. Editing begun by David B. Smith;

project continued by the Royal Naval College in cooperation with the National Maritime Museum. 3 vols. [n.p., 1954?]

—— The navy list. . . . London, 1815–70.

Great Britain, War Office. A list of the general and field officers as they rank in the army. . . . [London, 1754–1868.]

—— A list of the officers of the army and of the

Corps of Royal Marines on full, retired, and

half pay. . . . London, 1849–64. The army list.

London, 1798–1940. See also HART, HENRY

GEORGE. The new annual army list. . . .

Guide des sources d’archives sur le Canada français, au Canada. (PAC publication.) Ottawa, 1975.

HARPER, JOHN RUSSELL. Early painters and engravers in Canada. Toronto, 1971.

—— Historical directory of New Brunswick

newspapers and periodicals. Fredericton, 1961.

HART, HENRY GEORGE. The new annual army list. . . . London, 1840–1916. The title on the cover is Hart’s army list.


Bibliographie critique du roman canadien-français, 1837–1900. [Québec et Toronto], 1968.

Landmarks of Canada; what art has done for Canadian history; a guide to the J. Ross Robertson historical collection in the Public Reference Library, Toronto, Canada.2 vols. Toronto, 1917–21. New edition in 1 vol. Toronto, 1967.

[LANGELIER, JEAN-CHRYSOSTOME.]List of lands granted by the crown in the province of Quebec from 1763 to 31st December 1890. (Quebec, Department of Crown Lands publication.) Quebec, 1891.

LEBŒUF, JOSEPH-AIMÉ-ARTHUR. Complément au dictionnaire généalogique Tanquay. (SGCF publication, 2, 4, 6.) 3 series [3 vols.]. Montréal, 1957–64.

The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada: an index to journal appendices and sessional papers, 1841–1866. Compiled by Patricia A. Damphouse. London, Ont., 1974.

LEJEUNE, LOUIS[–MARIE]. Dictionnaire général de biographie, histoire, littérature, agriculture, commerce, industrie et des arts, sciences, mœurs, coutumes, institutions politiques et religieuses du Canada.2 vols. Ottawa, 1931.

Mackay’s Montreal directory. See DIRECTORIES

McLaughlin’s Quebec directory. See DIRECTORIES

MANITOBA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. Pioneers and early citizens of Manitoba; a dictionary of Manitoba biography from the earliest times to 1920. [Compiled by Marjorie Morley et al.] Winnipeg, [1971].

Montreal almanack. See ALMANACS

Montreal directory. See DIRECTORIES

The Montreal pocket almanack. See ALMANACS

MORGAN, HENRY JAMES. Bibliotheca Canadensis: or, a manual of Canadian literature. Ottawa, 1867; reprinted Detroit, 1968.

—— Sketches of celebrated Canadians, and persons connected

with Canada, from the earliest period in the history of the province down to the present time. Quebec and London, 1862.

MORICE, ADRIEN-GABRIEL. Dictionnaire historique des Canadiens et des Métis français de l’Ouest. Québec, 1908; Kamloops, B.C., 1908.

New-Brunswick almanac. See ALMANACS

New Brunswick history: a checklist of secondary sources. Compiled by Hugh A. Taylor. (PANB publication.) Fredericton, 1971. . . . first supplement. Compiled by Eric L. Swanick. (New Brunswick, Legislative Library publication.) Fredericton, 1974.

Notices nécrologiques des membres de la Congrégation des Oblats de Marie-Immaculée.8 vols. Paris, 1868–1939.


TAYLOR. Portraits of British Americans, with biographical sketches. 3 vols. Montreal, 1865–68.

O’Byrne, WILLIAM RICHARD. A naval biographical dictionary; comprising the life and services of every living officer in her majesty’s navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive. . . . London, 1849. New and enlarged edition, 1 volume published and 4 parts of a second, London, 1861, [1859–62].

PAGES TRIFLUVIENNES. 25 vols. Trois-Rivières, 1932–39.

Série A

  2: Brouillette, Le développement industriel. [See section iv.]

9a: F.–J. Audet et Fabre Surveyer. Les députés de Saint-Maurice et de Buckinghamshire.

11: F.–J. Audet, Les députés des Trois-Rivières (1808–1838).

12: F.–J. Audet, Les députés de Saint-Maurice et de Champlain.

13: F.–J. Audet, Les députés des Trois-Rivières (1841–1867).

Place-names and places of Nova Scotia. With an introduction by Charles Bruce Fergusson. (PANSpublications, Nova Scotia series, III.) Halifax, 1967.

Political appointments and elections in the Province of Canada from 1841 to 1860. Compiled by Joseph-Olivier Côté. Quebec, 1860. . . . from 1841 to 1865. 2nd edition, Ottawa, 1866. . . . and appendix from 1st January, 1866, to 30th June, 1867, and index. Edited by Narcisse-Omer Côté. Ottawa, 1918.

Political appointments, parliaments and the judicial bench in the dominion of Canada, 1867 to 1895. Edited by Narcisse-Omer Côté. Ottawa, 1896.



13: Catalogue of pamphlets in the PAC


OTHER PUBLICATIONS [See also section ii.] Canadian directory of parliament (Johnson). Caron-Houle, Guide des rapports des APC.

Guide des sources d’archives.

Union list of manuscripts (Gordon et al.; Maurice).


  II: Directory of N.S. MLAs.

  III: Place-names of N.S.

The Quebec almanac. See ALMANACS

Quebec directory. See DIRECTORIES

Quebec pocket almanac and general register. See ALMANACS

READ, DAVID BREAKENRIDGE. The lives of the judges of Upper Canada and Ontario, from 1791 to the present time. Toronto, 1888.

A register of the regiments and corps of the British army; the ancestry of the regiments and corps of the regular establishment. Edited by Arthur Swinson. London, 1972.

Répertoire des publications gouvernementales du Québec de 1867 à 1964. André Beaulieu et al., compilateurs. Québec, 1968.

Roy, PIERRE-GEORGES. Les avocats de la région de Québec. Lévis, Qué., 1936.

—— Fils de Québec. 4 vols. Lévis, Qué., 1933.

—— Inventaire des concessions en fief et seigneurie, fois et hommages

et aveux et dénombrements, conservés aux Archives de la

province de Québec. (ANQ publication.) 6 vols. Beauceville, Qué., 1927–29.

—— Les juges de la province de Québec.

(ANQ publication.) Québec, 1933.

STORY, NORAH. The Oxford companion to Canadian history and literature. Toronto, 1967.

TANGUAY, CYPRIEN. Dictionnaire généalogique des families canadiennes depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu’à nos jours. 7 vols. [Montréal], 1871–90. Complément . . . , by J.–A.–A. Lebœuf [q.v.].

TASSÉ, JOSEPH. Les Canadiens de l’Ouest. 2 vols. Montréal, 1878; 4e édition, 1882.

Toronto directory. See DIRECTORIES

TURCOTTE, GUSTAVE. Le Conseil législatif de Québec, 1774–1933. Beauceville, Qué., 1933.

Union list of manuscripts in Canadian repositories. Edited by Robert Stanyslaw Gordon et al. (PAC publication.) Ottawa, 1968; 2nd edition, edited by E. Grace Maurice, 2 vols., Ottawa, 1975.

WALBRAN, JOHN THOMAS. British Columbia coast names, 1592–1906, to which are added a few names in adjacent United States territory, their origin and history with map and illustrations. Ottawa, 1909; reprinted with an introduction by George Philip Vernon Akrigg, Vancouver, 1971.

WALLACE, WILLIAM STEWART. The Macmillan dictionary of Canadian biography. 3rd edition, revised and enlarged, London, 1963; reprinted, 1973. First published in Toronto in 1926 as The dictionary of Canadian biography. New edition in preparation.

WATTERS, REGINALD EYRE, and INGLIS FREEMAN BELL. On Canadian literature, 1806–1960:a check-list of articles, books, and theses on English-Canadian literature, its authors, and language. Toronto, 1966.

ABBOTT, MAUDE ELIZABETH. History Of medicine in the province of Quebec. Toronto, 1931; 2nd edition (McGill University publications, VIII,no.63), Montreal, 1932.

ATHERTON, WILLIAM HENRY. Montreal, 1535–1914. 3 vols. Montreal and Vancouver, 1914.

I: Under the French régime, 1535–1760.

  II: Under British rule, 1760–1914.

 III: Biographical.

AUDET, LOUIS-PHILIPPE. Histoire de l’enseignement au Québec. . . . [1608–1971.] 2 vols. Montréal et Toronto, 1971.

—— Le système scolaire de la province de

Québec. 6 vols. parus. Québec, 1950–  .

I: Aperçu général. 1950.

II: L’instruction publique de 1635 à 1800.


III: L’Institution royale; les débuts: 1801–

1825. 1952.

IV: L’Institution royale; le déclin: 1825–1846.


V: Les écoles élémentaires dans le Bas-

Canada, 1800–1836. 1955.

VI: La situation scolaire à la veille de l’ Union,

1836–1840. 1956.

BECK, JAMES MURRAY. The government of Nova

Scotia. (Canadian government series, 8.) Toronto, 1957.

BELISLE, ALEXANDRE. Histoire de la presse

Franco-américaine; comprenant l’historique de l’émigration des Canadiens français aux États-Unis, leur développement, et leurs progrès. Worcester, Mass., 1911.

BERNARD, JEAN-PAUL. Les Rouges; libéralisme,

nationalisme et anticléricalisme au milieu du XIXe siècle. Montréal, 1971.

BOON, THOMAS CHARLES BOUCHER. The Anglican Church from

  the Bay to the Rockies; a history of the ecclesiastical province of

  Rupert’s Land and its dioceses from 1820 to 1950. Toronto, 1962.

BROUILLETTE, BENOÎT. Le développement industriel de la vallée

du St-Maurice. (Pages Trifluviennes, sér.A, no.2.) Trois-Rivières, 1932.

CAMPBELL, ROBERT. A history of the Scotch

Presbyterian Church, St. Gabriel Street, Montreal. Montreal, 1887.

Canada and its provinces; a history of the Canadian people and

  their institutions. . . . Edited by Adam Shortt and Arthur George Doughty.

23 vols. Toronto, 1913–17.

Canada’s smallest province: a history of P.E.I.

Edited by Francis William Pius Bolger. Charlottetown, 1973.

Canadian business history; selected studies,

1497–1971. Edited by David Stirling Macmillan. Toronto, 1972.

CANADIAN CENTENARY SERIES. William Lewis Morton, executive editor; Donald Grant Creighton, advisory editor.

  7: Craig, Upper Canada.

9: MacNutt, Atlantic provinces.

10: Careless, Union of the Canadas.

12: W. L. Morton, Critical years.

Canadian education: a history. Edited by John Donald Wilson et al. Scarborough, Ont., 1970.

CANADIAN GOVERNMENT SERIES. General editors, Robert MacGregor Dawson, 1946–58; James Alexander Corry, 1958–61; Crawford Brough Macpherson, 1961–75; Sidney John Roderick, 1975–

5: MacKinnon, Government of P.E.I.

7: Hodgetts, Pioneer public service.

8: Beck, Government of N.S.

CANADIAN STUDIES IN HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT SERIES. Editors, James Maurice Stockford Careless, 1958–60; Kenneth William Kirkpatrick McNaught, 1960–65; Goldwin Sylvester French, 1965–  .

1: Moir, Church and state in Canada West.

2: Thompson, French shore problem in Nfld.

3: Cornell, Alignment of political groups.

7: Gunn, Political history of Nfld.

8: Wilson, Clergy reserves of U.C.

9: Gates, Land policies of U.C.

CANNIFF, WILLIAM. The medical profession in Upper Canada, 1783–1850: an historical narrative, with original documents relating to the profession, including some brief biographies. Toronto, 1894.

CARELESS, JAMES MAURICE STOCKFORD. Brown of “The Globe.” 2 vols. Toronto, 1959–63.

I: The voice of Upper Canada, 1818–1859. 1959; reprinted 1966.

II: Statesman of confederation, 1860–1880. 1963.

—— The union of the Canadas: the growth of Canadian institutions,

1841–1857. (Canadian centenary series, 10.) Toronto, 1967.

CARRIÈRE, GASTON. Histoire documentaire de la Congrégation des Missionnaires Oblats de Marie-Immaculée dans l’Est du Canada.11 vols. parus. Ottawa, 1957–  .

CARROLL, JOHN [SALTKILL]. Case and his cotemporaries; or, the Canadian itinerants’ memorial: constituting a biographical history

of Methodism in Canada, from its introduction into the province, till the death of the Rev. W. Case in 1855. 5 vols. Toronto, 1867–77.

CHAPAIS, THOMAS. Cours d’histoire du Canada. 8 vols. Québec et Montréal, 1919–34; réimprimé Trois-Rivières, 1972.


ville de Saint-Hyacinthe. Saint-Hyacinthe,

Qué., 1930.

—— Histoire du séminaire de Saint-Hyacinthe depuis sa fondation

jusqu’à nos jours. 2 vols. Montréal, 1911–12.

CHOUINARD, FRANÇOIS-XAVIER, et ANTONIO DROLET. La ville de Québec, histoire municipale. (Cahiers d’histoire, 15, 17, 19.) 3 vols. Québec, 1963–67.

I: Chouinard, Régime français. 1963.

II: Drolet, Régime anglais jusqu’à l’incorporation (1759–1833). 1965.

III: Drolet, De l’incorporation à la Confédération (1833–1867). 1967.

CHRISTIE, ROBERT. A history of the late province of Lower Canada, parliamentary and political, from the commencement to the close of its existence as a separate province. . . . 6 vols. Quebec and Montreal, 1848–55.

CLARK, ANDREW HILL. Three centuries and the Island, a historical geography of settlement and agriculture in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Toronto, 1959.

CORNELL, PAUL GRANT. The alignment of political groups in

  Canada, 1841–1867. (Canadian studies in history and government

  series, 3.) Toronto, 1962.

COWAN, HELEN I. British emigration to British North America, 1783–1837. [Toronto], 1928. . . . the first hundred years. 2nd edition, [Toronto], 1961; reprinted 1967.

CRAIG, GERALD MARQUIS. Upper Canada: the formative years, 1784–1841. (Canadian centenary series, 7.) Toronto, 1963.

CREIGHTON, DONALD [GRANT]. John A. Macdonald, the young politician. Toronto, 1952; reprinted 1965.

—— John A. Macdonald, the old chieftain. Toronto, 1955; reprinted 1965.

—— The road to confederation; the emergence of Canada: 1863–1867. Toronto, 1964.

DAVID, LAURENT-OLIVIER. Les patriotes de 1837–1838. Montréal, [1884]; réimprimé [1937] .

DAVIN, NICHOLAS FLOOD. The Irishman in Canada. London and Toronto, 1877; reprinted Shannon, 1969.

DAY, CATHERINE MATHILDA. History of the Eastern Townships, province of Quebec,

dominion of Canada, civil and descriptive, etc. Montreal, 1869.

DENISON, MERRILL. Canada’s first bank; a history of the Bank of Montreal. 2 vols. Toronto and Montreal, 1966–67. Translated into French by Paul A. Horguelin and Jean-Paul Vinay as La première banque au Canada; histoire de la Banque de Montréal.

DENT, JOHN CHARLES. The last forty years: Canada since the union of 1841. 2 vols. Toronto, 1881. An abridged edition edited by Donald Swainson, was published at Toronto in 1972 as The last forty years: the union of 1841 to confederation (Carleton Library, 62).

—— The story of the Upper Canadian rebellion; largely derived

  from original sources and documents. 2 vols. Toronto, 1885.

DOUVILLE, JOSEPH-ANTOINE-IRENÉE. Histoire du collège-séminaire de Nicolet, 1803–1903, avec les listes complètes des directeurs, professeurs et élèves de l’institution. 2 vols. Montréal, 1903.


FRENCH, GOLDWIN [SYLVESTER]. Parsons politics: the rôle of the Wesleyan Methodists in Upper Canada and the Maritimes from 1780 to 1855. Toronto, 1962.

GARNEAU, FRANÇOIS-XAVIER. Histoire du Canada depuis sa découverte jusqu’à nos jours. 3 vols. Québec et Montréal, 1845–48, et un supplément en 1852; 8e édition, 9 vols., Montréal, 1944–46.

GARON, ANDRÉ. “La question du Conseil législatif électif sous l’Union des Canadas, 1840–1856.” Thèse de des, université Laval, Québec, 1969.

GATES, LILLIAN FRANCES. Land policies of Upper Canada. (Canadian studies in history and government series, 9.) Toronto, 1968.

GIRAUD, MARCEL. Le Métis canadien: son rôle dans l’histoire des provinces de l’Ouest. (Travaux et mémoires de l’Institut d’ethnologie, XLIV.) Paris, 1945.

GREENE, JOHN P. “The influence of religion in the politics of Newfoundland, 1850–1861.” Unpublished ma thesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John’s, 1970.


Westcountrymen in Prince Edward’s Isle: a fragment of the great migration. London and Toronto, 1967.

GROULX, LIONEL. L’enseignement français au Canada. 2 vols. Montréal, 1931–33.

I: Dans le Québec. 1931.

II: Les écoles des minorités. 1933.

—— Histoire du Canada français depuis la découverte. 4 vols.

Montréal, 1950; 4e édition, 2 vols. (Collection Fleur de Lys,

Guy Frégault et al., éditeurs), Montréal et Paris, 1960;

 réimprimé 1962.

GUNN, GERTRUDE E. The political history of Newfoundland, 1832–1864. (Canadian studies in history and government series, 7.) Toronto, 1966.

HAMELIN, JEAN, et YVES ROBY. Histoire économique du Québec, 1851–1896. (Histoire économique et sociale du Canada français.) Montréal, 1971.

HANNAY, JAMES. History of New Brunswick. 2 vols. Saint John, N.B., 1909.

HARPER, JOHN RUSSELL. Painting in Canada, a history. Toronto, 1966.

HARRIS, REGINALD V. The Church of Saint Paul in Halifax, Nova Scotia: 1749–1949. Toronto, 1949.

HEAGERTY, JOHN JOSEPH. Four centuries of medical history in Canada and a sketch of the medical history of Newfoundland. 2 vols. Toronto, 1928.

Histoire de la corporation de la cité de Montréal depuis son origine jusqu’à nos jours . . . . Joseph-Cléophas Lamothe et al., éditeurs. Montréal, 1903.

Histoire de la littérature française du Québec.

Pierre de Grandpré, éditeur. 4 vols. Montréal, 1967–69; réimprimé 1971–73.

HISTOIRE ÉCONOMIQUE ET SOCIALS DU CANADA FRANÇAIS. A collection published under the direction of the Centre de recherche en histoire économique du Canada français, Montreal.

Hamelin et Roby, Hist. économique.

Ouellet, Hist. économique.

HISTOIRE RELIGIEUSE DU CANADA. A collection published under the direction of the Research Centre in the Religious History of Canada, Ottawa.

Lemieux, L’établissement de la première prov. eccl.

History of the county of Middlesex, Canada, from the earliest time to the present; containing an authentic account of many important matters relating to the settlement, progress and general history of the county; and including a department devoted to the preservation of personal and private records, etc. Toronto and London, Ont., 1889; reprinted with introduction and corrections by Daniel James Brock, Belleville, Ont., 1972.

History of Toronto and county of York, Ontario; containing an outline of the history of the dominion of Canada; a history of the city of

Toronto and the county of York, with the townships, towns, villages, churches, schools; general and local statistics; biographical sketches, etc., etc. 2 vols. Toronto, 1885.

HODGETTS, JOHN EDWIN. The Canadian public service; a physiology of government, 1867–1970. (Studies in the structure of power decision-making in Canada, edited by John Meisel, 7.) Toronto, 1973.

—— Pioneer public service; an administrative

history of the united Canadas, 1841–1867. (Canadian government

series, 7.) Toronto, 1955.

JOHNSTON, CHARLES MURRAY. The head of the lake: a history of Wentworth County. Hamilton, Ont., 1958; 2nd edition, 1967.

LAREAU, EDMOND. Histoire de la littérature canadienne. Montréal, 1874.

[LAWRENCE, JOSEPH WILSON.] The judges of New Brunswick and their times. Edited by Alfred Augustus Stockton. [Saint John, N.B., 1907.]

LEMIEUX, LUCIEN. L’établissement de la première province ecclésiastique au Canada, 1783–1844. (Histoire religieuse du Canada publication.) Montréal et Paris, 1968.

[LEMIRE-MARSOLET, DARIE-AURÉLIE, DITE SAINTS-HENRIETTE], et THÉRÈSE LAMBERT, DITE SAINTS-MARIE-MÉDIATRICE. Histoire de la Congrégation de Notre-Dame de Montréal. 13 vols. (numbered I–XI) and an index to date. Montréal, 1910–  . Before her death in 1917 Sister Sainte-Henriette had completed nine volumes of her history as well as an index; only two volumes were published, in 1910. In 1941 her complete work was published and the first two volumes reissued. The index for the first nine volumes, prepared by Sister Sainte-Henriette, was published in 1969.

LÉTOURNEAU, FIRMIN. Histoire de l’agriculture (Canada français).s.l., 1950; 2e édition, [MontréalJ, 1952; réimprimé 1959; 3e édition, s.l., 1968.

LINDSEY, CHARLES. The life and times of Wm. Lyon Mackenzie; with an account of the Canadian rebellion of 1837, and the subsequent frontier disturbances, chiefly from unpublished documents. 2 vols. Toronto, 1862; reprinted 1971.

Literary history of Canada: Canadian literature in English. Edited by Carl Frederick Klinck et al. Toronto, 1965; new edition, 3 vols., 1976. Translated by Maurice Lebel as Histoire littéraire du Canada: littérature canadienne de langue anglaise. Québec, 1970.


TAYLOR]. The government of Prince Edward Island. (Canadian government series, 5.) Toronto, 1951.

MACMILLAN, JOHN C. The history of the Catholic church in Prince Edward Island from 1835 till 1891. Quebec, 1913.

MacNutt, WILLIAM STEWART. The Atlantic provinces: the emergence of colonial society, 1712–1857. (Canadian centenary series, 9.) Toronto, 1965.

—— New Brunswick, a history: 1784–1867. Toronto, 1963.

MASTERS, DONALD C. Protestant church colleges in Canada: a history. (Studies in the history of higher education in Canada, 4.) Toronto, 1966.

MAURAULT, OLIVIER. Le collège de Montréal, 1767–1967. Antonio Dansereau, éditeur. 2e édition. Montréal,1967. The first edition was published in Montreal in 1918 under the title Le petit séminaire de Montréal.

MIDDLETON, JESSE EDGAR. The municipality of Toronto, a history. 3 vols. Toronto and New York, 1923.

MILLMAN, THOMAS REAGH. Jacob Mountain, first lord bishop of Quebec, a study in church and state, 1793–1825. (University of Toronto studies, History and economics series, X.) Toronto, 1947.

—— The life of the Right Reverend, the Honourable Charles James

  Stewart, D.D., Oxon., second Anglican bishop of Quebec.

London, Ont., 1953.

MOIR, JOHN SARGENT. Church and state in Canada West: three studies in the relation of denominationalism and nationalism, 1841–1867. (Canadian studies in history and government series, 1.) Toronto, 1959.

MONET, JACQUES. The last cannon shot; a study of French-Canadian nationalism, 1837–1850. Toronto, 1969.

MONRO, ALEXANDER. New Brunswick; with a brief outline of Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island; their history, civil divisions, geography and productions. . . . Halifax, 1855; reprinted Belleville, Ont., 1972.

MORICE, ADRIEN-GABRIEL. A critical history of the Red River insurrection after official documents and non-Catholic sources. Winnipeg, 1935.

—— Histoire de l’Église catholique dans l’Ouest canadien, du lac

Supérieur au Pacifique (1659–1915). 3e édition, 4 vols., Saint-

Boniface, Man., et Montréal, 1921–23. The first and second editions,

in three volumes, cover from 1659 to 1915 and were published at

Winnipeg and Montreal in 1912 and at Saint-

Boniface and Montreal in 1915 respectively. The first edition was translated into English as History of the Catholic church from Lake Superior to the Pacific (1659–1895).2 vols. Toronto, 1910.

MORTON, ARTHUR SILVER. A history of the Canadian west to 1870–71; being a history of Rupert’s Land (the Hudson’s Bay Company’s territory) and of the North-West Territory (including the Pacific slope). London, [1939]; 2nd edition, edited by Lewis Gwynne Thomas, Toronto and Buffalo, N.Y., 1973.

MORTON, WILLIAM LEWIS. The critical years: the union of British North America, 1857–1873. (Canadian centenary series, 12.)

  Toronto, 1964.

—— Manitoba: a history. Toronto, 1957; 2nd edition, 1967.

ORMSBY, MARGARET ANCHORETTA. British Columbia: a history. Toronto, 1958; revised edition, 1971.

OUELLET, FERNAND. Histoire économique et sociale du Québec, 1760–1850, structures et conjoncture. (Histoire économique et sociale du Canada français.) Montréal et Paris, 1966.

PERRON, MARC-ANDRÉ. Un grand éducateur agricole: Édouard-A. Barnard, 1835–1898; essai historique sur l’agriculture de 1760 à 1900. [Montréal], 1955.

POULIOT, LÉON. Monseigneur Bourget et son temps. 4 vols. Montréal, 1955–76.

PROWSE, DANIEL WOODLEY. A history of Newfoundland from the English, colonial, and foreign records. London and New York, 1895; 2nd edition, London, 1896; 3rd edition, St John’s, 1971; reprint of 1st edition, Belleville, Ont., 1972.

Le répertoire national, ou recueil de littérature canadienne. James Huston, compilateur. Montréal, 1848–50; 2e édition, 4 vols., 1893.

RICH, EDWIN ERNEST. The history of the Hudson’s Bay Company, 1760–1870. (HBRS publications, XXI–XXII.) 2 vols. London, 1958–59; another edition, 3 vols., Toronto, 1960. A copy of this work available in the PAC contains notes and bibliographical material omitted from the printed version.

ROBERTSON, IAN Ross. “Religion, politics and education in Prince Edward Island from 1856 to 1877.” Unpublished ma thesis, McGill University, Montreal, 1968.

Robertson’s landmarks of Toronto; a collection of historical sketches of the old town of York from 1792 until 1833, and of Toronto from 1834 to [1914] . Edited by John Ross Robertson. 6 series [6 vols.]. Toronto, 1894–1914; vols. 1 and 3 reprinted Belleville, Ont., 1976, 1974.

Ross, ALEXANDER. The Red River Settlement: its rise, progress and present state; with some account of the native races and its general history, to the present day. London, 1856; reprinted Minneapolis, 1957, and Edmonton, 1972.

ROSS, VICTOR, and ARTHUR St L. TRIGGE. A history of the Canadian Bank of Commerce, with an account of the other banks which now form part of its organization. 3 vols. Toronto, 1920–34.

ROY, JOSEPH-EDMOND. Histoire du notariat au Canada depuis la fondation de la colonie jusqu’à nos jours. 4 vols. Lévis, Qué., 1899–1902.

RUMILLY, ROBERT. Histoire de la province de Québec. 41 vols. parus. Montréal, [1940] –  . 2e édition pour les vol. I à IX, s.d.; 3e édition pour les vol. I à VI, s.d.; réimpression en cours de la 1re édition, 7 vols. parus, Montréal, 1971–  .

—— Histoire de la Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Montréal; des Patriotes au fleur delisé, 1834–1948. Montréal, 1975.

—— Histoire de Montréal. 5 vols. Montréal, 1970–74.

The shield of Achilles: aspects of Canada in the Victorian age/Le bouclier d’Achille: regards sur le Canada de l’ère victorienne. Edited by William Lewis Morton. Toronto and Montreal, 1968.

SHOOK, LAURENCE KENNEDY. Catholic post-secondary education in English-speaking Canada: a history. (Studies in the history of higher education in Canada, 6.) Toronto and Buffalo, N.Y., 1971.

SISSONS, CHARLES BRUCE. Egerton Ryerson: his life and letters. 2 vols. Toronto, 1937–47.

STANLEY, GEORGE FRANCIS GILMAN. Canada’s soldiers; the military history of an unmilitary people. Toronto, 1954; 2nd edition, 1960.

—— Louis Riel. Toronto, 1963.

The storied province of Quebec; past and present. Edited by William Wood et al. 5 vols. Toronto, 1931–32.


4: Masters, Protestant church colleges.

6: Shook, Catholic post-secondary education.

SYLVAIN, PHILIPPE. “Libéralisme et ultramontanisme au Canada français; affrontement idéologique et doctrinal (1840–1865), Le bouclier d’Achille (W. L. Morton), 111–38, 220–55.

THOMPSON, FREDERIC FRASER. The French shore problem

  in Newfoundland: an imperial study. (Canadian studies in history

and government series, 2.) Toronto, 1961.

TRATT, GERTRUDE ELLA NAOMI. “A survey arid listing of Nova Scotian newspapers with particular reference to the period before 1867.” Unpublished ma thesis, Mount Allison University, Sackville, N.B., 1957.

TREMBLAY, VICTOR. Histoire du Saguenay depuis les origines jusqu’à 1870. (Société historique du Saguenay publication, 21.) 2e édition, Chicoutimi, Qué., 1968. A first edition, prepared by Victor Tremblay et al., was published in 1938 at Chicoutimi as L’histoire du Saguenay depuis l’origine jusqu’à 1870.

TURCOTTE, LOUIS-PHILIPPE. Le Canada sous l’Union, 1841–1867. 2 vols. Québec, 1871–72; 2e édition, 1882.

WADE, MASON. French Canada; a history, 1760–1945. Toronto, 1954. A second edition in 2 vols. was published in Toronto in 1968 as The French Canadians, 1760–1967 and translated into French by Adrien Venne and Francis Dufau-Labeyrie as Les Canadiens français de 1760 à nos jours. Ottawa, 1968.

WALLACE, FREDERICK WILLIAM. Wooden ships and iron men: the story of the square-rigged merchant marine of British North America, the ships, their builders and owners, and the men who sailed them. London and Toronto, 1924; New York, 1925; Boston, 1937; 1937 edition reprinted Belleville, Ont., 1973.

WEALE, DAVID, and HARRY BAGLOLE. The Island and confederation: the end of an era. n.p., 1973.

WILSON, [GEORGE] ALAN. The clergy reserves of Upper Canada, a Canadian mortmain. (Canadian studies in history and government series, 8.) Toronto, 1968.

WINKS, ROBIN WILLIAM. The blacks in Canada: a history. Montreal, 1971.

YOUNG, JAMES. Public men and public life in Canada, being recollections of parliament and the press, and embracing a succinct account of the stirring events which led to the confederation of British North America into the dominion of Canada. Toronto, 1902; reprinted with a second vol. entitled Public men and public life in Canada . . . which followed the confederation . . . , 1912.


Acadiensis: Journal of the History of the Atlantic

  Region/Revue de l’histoire de la région atlan

tique. Fredericton. I (1971–72)–  . Published

semi-annually by the Department of History of the University of New Brunswick.

Archives. Québec. I (1969 . Published semi-

annually until 1975, then quarterly, by the Association des archivistes du Québec.

BC Studies. Vancouver. Quarterly, 1 (winter 1968–69)–  .

Beaver. Winnipeg. Publication of the HBC. Monthly until March 1925; thereafter quarterly. I (outfit 250, 1920)–  . Index for I (outfit 250, 1920) – outfit 284 (March 1954) published [1955?].

British Columbia Historical Quarterly. Victoria. Quarterly, I (1937)–XII (1948); three times a year, XIII (1949)–XI V (1950), then semi-annually to XXI (1957–58), which is the last volume to date. Published by the Provincial Archives of British Columbia in cooperation with the British Columbia Historical Association.

Le Bulletin des recherches historiques. Published usually in Lévis, Qué. Journal of archaeology, history, biography, bibliography, numismatology, etc. Founded by Pierre-Georges Roy* as the organ of the Société des études historiques, the BRH became the journal of the Archives de la province de Québec (now the ANQ) in March 1923. Published monthly from 1895, it became a quarterly in 1949. In 1968 it ceased publication. I (1895)–LXX (1968). Index:I (1895)–XXXI (1925). 4 vols. Beauceville, Qué., 1925–26. For subsequent years see the manuscript index in the ANQ.

Les Cahiers des Dix. Montréal et Québec. I (1936)–  . Annual review published by “Les Dix.”

CANADIAN CATHOLIC HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION/SOCIÉTÉ CANADIENNE D’HISTOIRE DE L’EGLISE CATHOLIQUE, Ottawa. A bilingual society, founded 3 June 1933, it has published simultaneously each year (except for 1933–34) a Rapport in French and a Report in English, of which the contents are entirely different. 1933–34–  . Index: 1933–34–1958. Title varies: Study Sessions/Sessions d’étude from 1966.

CANADIAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION/SOCIÉTÉ HISTORIQUE DU CANADA, Ottawa. The association, founded in 1922, continues the work of the Historic Landmarks Association of Canada (1915–21). Its aims are “to encourage historical research and public interest in history; to promote the preservation of historic sites and buildings, documents, relics, and other significant heirlooms of the past; to publish historical studies and documents as circumstances may permit.” Publications include Annual Report, 1922–  (title varies: Historical Papers/ Communications historiques from 1966), and historical booklets, issued irregularly. Index to annual reports: 1922–51; 1952–68.

Canadian Historical Review. Toronto. Quar-

terly. I (1920)–  . Index: I (1920)–X (1929); XI (1930)–XX (1939); XXI (1940)–XXX (1949); XXXI (1950)–LI (1970). Université Laval has also published an index: Canadian Historical Review, 1950–1964: index des articles et des comptes rendus de volumes, René Hardy, comp. (Québec, 1969). Each issue includes a current bibliography of publications in English and French, a continuation of the annual Review of Historical Publications relating to Canada (I (for 1895–96)–XXII (for 1917–18); Index: I–X; XI–XX).

Canadian Journal. Toronto. Publication of the Canadian Institute which became the Royal Canadian Institute in 1914. Began as the Canadian Journal: a repertory of industry, science and art; and a record of the proceedings of the Canadian Institute,I (1852–53)–III (1854–55). Title was modified to the Canadian Journal of Industry, Science and Art, new series, I (1856)–IX (1866–67) and to the Canadian Journal of Science, Literature and History, XII (1868–70)–XV (1876–77). Superseded by the Proceedings of the Canadian Institute, Toronto, being a continuation of “The Canadian Journal of Science, Literature and History,” third series, I (1879–83)–VII (1888–89). Merged for a few years with the Canadian Institute, Transactions, then published irregularly for a time as Canadian Institute, Proceedings, new series, I (1895–98). Published as Royal Canadian Institute, Proceedings, third series or series IIIa, I (1935–36)–  .

Dalhousie Review. Halifax. Quarterly publication of Dalhousie University. I (1921–22)–  .


Winnipeg. Incorporated in 1879, the society was founded by historians and businessmen to encourage science and to make Manitoba known. Since its founding the society has had numerous publications. These include: Report,I (1880) XXVII (1906); several series known as Transactions, 1(Oct. 1882)–72 (Nov. 1906); new series, 1 (Nov. 1924)–5 (July 1930); 3rd series, 1 (1944–45)–  (the title of these transactions varies: Publication, 1–2, 4–6; Transactions, 3, 7–72; new series, 1–5; Papers, 3rd series); Manitoba History,I (March 1946)–  . HSSM also published Manitoba historical atlas; a selection of facsimile maps, plans, and sketches from 1612 to 1969. Edited by John Warkentin and Richard I. Ruggles. Winnipeg, 1970.

NOVA SCOTIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Halifax. Publishes Collections. Issued irregularly. I (1878)–  . The title Report and Collections was used in 1878 and 1882–83.

Ontario History. Toronto. Originally published

annually as Ontario Historical Society, Papers and Records, I (1899)–XXXVIII (1946). The title was changed to Ontario History with XXXIX (1947). Quarterly publication began with XLI (1949) and continues to the present. An index for volumes I (1899) to LXIV (1972) has been included in Index to the publications of the Ontario Historical Society, 1899–1972 (Toronto, 1974).

Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française. Montréal. Quarterly publication of the Institut d’histoire de l’Amérique française. Founded by Canon Lionel Groulx*. I (1947–48)–  . Beginning with XXI (1967–68), each issue includes a bibliography of books recently published in French or English.

ROYAL SOCIETY OF CANADA/SOCIÉTÉ ROYALE DU CANADA, Ottawa. Under the patronage of the Marquess of Lorne [John Douglas Sutherland Campbell*], the society was formed in

1882 for the encouragement of literature and science in Canada. Originally it was composed of four sections, two for literature and two for sciences. Publishes Proceedings and Transactions/Mémoires et comptes rendus, of which sections i and ii include historical articles. Annual. First series: I (1882–83–XII (1894). Second series: I (1895)–XII (1906). Third series: I (1907)–LVI (1962). Fourth series: I (1963)–  .


SOCIÉTÉ GÉNÉALOGIQUE CANADIENNE-FRANÇAISE, Montréal. Founded on the initiative of Father Archange Godbout*, 3 Sept. 1943. Publishes Mémoires. Originally published semi-annually, now quarterly. I (1944–45)–  .

Social History, a Canadian Review/Histoire sociale, revue

canadienne. Ottawa. 1 (April 1968)–  . Published semi-annually, under the direction of an interdisciplinary committee from various Canadian universities.